June 28, 2012
Instructor: James Lytle
Rehabilitation is the treatment intended to assist in the process of recovery from a condition or way of thinking to another, which should be as normal as possible .A proper, and adequate rehabilitation program can reverse many disabling conditions and also help patients, criminals deal with deficits that cannot be reversed by medical care. Rehabilitation addresses the patient's physical, psychological, and environmental needs. This can restore the patient’s physical functions and/or modifying the patient’s physical and social environments achieve. (Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine, 2008) In corrections, the process of rehabilitation starts by identifying what caused the crime to be committed. The time the prisoner spends imprisoned can allow then rethinking their actions and identifying option that will not result in prison. When it is needed, prisoners are allowed in therapy groups in order to talk regarding the crimes that was committed allow more time to rethink their actions in order not find themselves in the same circumstances. When freedom is taken for prisoners they are not being able to see their families when they want to and not being able to do things freely is part of the rehabilitation and punishment process. Rehabilitation is an element of the corrections system after the 1950’s as more people focused on Civil Rights. There were numerous Civil Rights movements that opened everyone’s eyes to the condition and treatment prisoners faced behind bars.
Probation is a method of correctional supervision in which the offender’s sentence is conditionally suspended upon the promise of good behavior. Probation is different from parole, which involves conditional release from imprisonment after part of their sentence has already been served. A judge may order probation in...