American Psychological Association (APA)
APA Style Manual 6th Edition
Quick Reference Writing-Style Handbook
March 1, 2010
Table of Contents
CHAPTER 1 Basic Form and Appearance5
Tables and Figures10
CHAPTER 2SUPPORTING DOCUENTATION FOR ACADEMIC PAPERS13
Works with no Author or with an Anonymous Author15
Work by Two Authors16
Work by Multiple Authors, five or more16
Do Not Plagiarize18
Using Block Quotations19
Reference List: Basic Rules20
References within the Reference List20
Reference Examples for Periodicals 20
Reference Examples for Non-Periodicals21
Examples for Internet Sources22
Miscellaneous Sources 24
CHAPTER 3 ADDITIONAL RESOURCES26
APA Writing Style Quick Reference
This writing-style handbook is intended to provide basic examples of APA style, modeled after the 6th edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (2010). The intent is not to provide detailed instructions relative to every question that may arise. The quick reference is to help students become familiar with the APA style of writing academic papers in a university setting. The key is getting students to not fear writing assignments. Writing is like reading. Students need a lot of practice to help them master the skill.
BASIC FORM AND APPEARANCE
Setting up the paper:
Set up all margins, using 1-inch margins on all sides of each page. Justify the left side of the page, leave the right side ragged. Spacing
The first line of each paragraph should be indented five spaces.
The text, throughout the paper, must be doubled-spaced.
Use one or two spaces between sentences and one space between words. Be consistent throughout paper. Font Styles
The text, throughout the paper, must be written in the same font:
Use Time New Roman.
Use 12-point size.
For emphasis, italics may be used; do not use bold, underlining, or all-capital letters. Page Numbers
Insert page numbers in the upper right-hand corner, 1” inside the margin of the paper and ½” from top of page (see Example 1). When inserting the page numbers, do not use the abbreviation P. or p. or the word page. All pages will be numbered in sequence, starting with the title page (page 1) and ending with the reference list.
Typically, the running head is required only for publication. Check with your instructor regarding the preference for using a running head. The words Running head, only appear on the title page. Use no more than the first 50 characters of the title, left justified of the page number, located in the page header of the paper, and located ½” from the top of the page and 1” from the right edge of the paper. Running-Page Header and Page Number
Running head: TITLE OF PAPER1|
A title page is included.
When creating a title page, the following information must be centered on the page: Running head and page number
Full title of the paper
Complete Title Page with Page Header and Running head
Running head: APA QUICK REFERENCE 1 APA Quick Reference Writing-Style HandbookAuthorStrayer UniversityInstructorCourseDate|
To organize a paper using headings, establish a hierarchy of sections throughout the paper. This hierarchy functions as an outline, revealing...