Te Wharepūrākau o Te Whare Wānaka o Aoraki
APA Style Referencing
Unless your lecturer instructs otherwise, Lincoln University undergraduate students are advised to follow the APA Style. For the definitive APA style, postgraduates, researchers and academic staff should refer to the following: American Psychological Association. (2001). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (5th ed.). Washington, DC: Author. Z253 Pub 2001 American Psychological Association. (2007). APA style guide to electronic references. Washington, DC: Z253 APA 2007 Author. Additional help: Library staff at the iZone Help Desk will help with referencing questions. Referencing and Citation page of Library Web. The Student Learning Centre provides workshops and one-to-one appointments on academic writing, including referencing. Talk to the receptionist in H130A about what they offer.
Books, theses or statutes
Basic format (enter (n.d.) if no date of
publication is available)
Author(s). (year of publication). Title of book: Subtitle of book. City of publication, Country or U.S. State abbreviation: Publisher. Kaufman, C., Perlman, R., & Speciner, M. (1995). Network security: Private communication in a public world. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall. Longman dictionary of contemporary English (4th ed.). (2003). Harlow, England: Longman. Statistics New Zealand. (1998). Samoan people in New Zealand. Wellington, New Zealand: Author. Collette, R. L. (1990). Harvesting techniques. In R. E. Martin & G. J. Flick (Eds.), The seafood industry (pp. 471-526). New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold. Persley, D. M. (Ed.). (1992). Diseases of fruit crops (2nd ed.). Brisbane, Queensland, Australia: Department of Primary Industries. Sadler, P. (2003). Strategic management (2nd ed.). Sterling, VA: Kogan Page. Retrieved from ebrary database. Bergmann, P. G. (1993). Relativity. In The new encyclopedia Britannica (Vol. 26, pp. 501-508). Chicago: Encyclopedia Britannica. Christchurch. (2007). In Encyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved December 13, 2007, from http://www.search.eb.com/eb/
Book as a whole (authors listed in the order
found on the title page)
(author is an organisation)
(use when each chapter has its own author[s]; often such a book is edited)
(note edition statement; not needed for first edition)
eBook Entry in an encyclopedia
(if no author, enter article title, then date)
Entry in an online encyclopedia
(give the home or index page URL for reference works. Include date retrieved)
Entry in an online dictionary
(give home or index page URL. Include date retrieved)
Landscape. (1989). In Oxford English dictionary (2nd ed.). Retrieved December 13, 2007, from http://dictionary.oed.com
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Thesis or dissertation Thesis or dissertation from an institutional Web site Statute
Brown, T. N. (1995). Simulation of the development of the root system and associated microbial community of Pinus radiata. Unpublished doctoral thesis, Lincoln University, Lincoln, New Zealand. Xie, Z. (2007). Modelling genetic regulatory networks: A new model for circadian rhythms in Drosophila and investigation of genetic noise in a viral infection process (Doctoral thesis, Lincoln University, 2007). Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10182/31 Hazardous Substances and New Organisms Act 1996. For guidance with referencing and citing New Zealand legal information (e.g. case law, statutes and other legislation) refer to Greville, Davidson and Scragg (2004, chap. 16) shelved at K100 Gre 2004.
Treaty of Waitangi report
(use the name on the title page, not cover)
Waitangi Tribunal. (1995). The Whanganui-a-Orutu report 1995. Wellington, New Zealand: Brookers.
Articles in a serial, journal or magazine
(include DOI [Digital Object Identifier] if available)
Author(s). (year of...