Apa Manual 6th Edition

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~ Sixth Edition

Publication

a
A merican Psychological Association • Washington, D C

Copyright © 2 010 by the American Psychological Association. All rights reserved. Except as permitted under the United States Copyright Act o f 1 976, no part o f this publication may be reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, including, but not limited to, the process o f scanning and digitization, or stored in a database or retrieval system, without the prior written permission o f

the publisher.

Contents

Published by
American Psychological Association

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Washington, DC 2 0002
www.apa.org
To order

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1. Writing for the Behavioral and Social Sciences

Library o f Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data
Publication manual o f the American Psychological Association. p .cm. Includes bibliographical references and index.

6th ed.

ISBN-I0: 1-4338-0561-8 (softcover)
ISBN-I0: 1-4338-0559-6 (hardcover)
ISBN-I0: 1-4338-0562-6 (spiral bound)
ISBN-13: 978-1-4338-0561-5 (softcover)
[etc.]
1. P sychology-Authorship-Style manuals. 2. Social s ciences-AuthorshipStyle manuals. 3. Psychological literature-Publishing-Handbooks, manuals, etc. 4. Social science l iterature-Publishing-Handbooks, manuals, etc. 1. American Psychological Association.

BF76.7.P83 2010
808' .06615-

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i rllll" , I} ,L Sample OM"Experiment Paper (continued)

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Running head: E FFECfS O F A GE ON D ETECI10N O F EMOTION

11

:Results's,ect,iQni 2.01~

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" f : : ; • __ • , . ;

A.::H:

••••• were' 2rSD from each participant's mean (approximately 1.5% o f responses). Median RTs were

12

five categories o f targets to a 2 x 5 (Age (young, old] x Target Category [positive high arousal,

4 • •••••••••••••••••.•.•.••••.••••••.~~m~~\~, 4A~;j category. RTs for error trials were excluded (fewer than 5%"of all responses) as were RTs that li,hJmh~r"s;

:

,
'

The results described above suggested that there was no influence o f age on the

was from a different emotional category from the dislraclor (e.g., RTs were not included for

are both positive low arousal items). RTs were analyzcd for 2 4 trials o f e ach target emotion

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influences o f emotion. T o further test the validity o f this hypothesis, w e submitted the RTs to the

arrays containing eight images o f a cat and one image o f a butterfly because cats and butterflies

~~~:~pt"ed:,~~
,,,,Oldl; 1,24 '.

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effects on detection time appeared stable in young and older adults.

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Analyses focus on participants' RTs 10 the 120 trials in which a target was present and

[Abbi'~vhiticiii$;

,

revealed only a main effect o f age but no interactions with age. Thus, the arousal-mediated

«..................... ,~I·ro·l1!'ofth,e
Results

'

Running head: E FFECfS O F A GE ON D ElECfION O F EMOTION

software. Before beginning the actual task, participants perfonned 2 0 practice trials 10 assure compliance with the task instructions.

,

'~Sample One-Exp'eriment Paper (continued)

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~ti~tic-s -::: positive low arousal, neutral, negative low arousal, negative high arousal]) repeated measures i Sp,aph)g~: ~Iig~ment,:. , ~G-\">44""""""""""''''''''~
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i.n~p,unctU.l1On o f',
2

im;te~ 4.

, ANOVA. Both the age group; 1'(1,46) =

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F(4, 184) = 8.98.p < .001,...
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