LAKEHEAD UNIVERSITY LEARNING ASSISTANCE CENTRE
Documenting and Formatting Using the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA) 6th Edition
The following information has been taken from the APA Manual. Please consult with your professor and/or manual.
TITLE PAGE/ p.229 RUNNING HEAD/ p. 229 MANUSCRIPT ELEMENTS/ p. 23
The Importance of Proper Referencing in Research Papers Jane E. Doe Department of Nursing, Lakehead University, Thunder Bay NOTES: Title Page Notes: "Recommended length for a title is no more than 12 words." "Should summarize the main idea of the manuscript simply." "Should identify the variables or theoretical issues under investigation." "Avoid using abbreviations." "Avoid words that serve no useful purpose . . . [such] as 'A Study of ' or 'An Experimental Investigation of '." "The title page should be typed in uppercase and lowercase letters, centred between the left and right margins, and positioned in the upper half of the page.” (23) Running Head Notes: An abbreviated title that is printed Aflush left in all uppercase letters at the top of the title page and all subsequent pages.@(229) "Should be a maximum of 50 characters." Manuscript Page Header Notes: The first two or three words from the title are placed in the upper right-hand corner above or five spaces to the left of the page number. The manuscript page header is repeatedly applied to every page of the document, beginning on the title page, preceding the page number. This format adheres strictly to APA. If it is your intention to include other information (i.e. professor's name, course name and number, submission date, student number), consult with instructor to ensure that such inclusions are permissible (see example on page 2 of handout).
The Importance of Proper Referencing In Research Papers Jane Doe Student Number Professor's Name Lakehead University Course Number Due Date
ABSTRACT / p. 25 - 27, p. 41
Abstract The body of the abstract should begin after a double-spacing and should not be indented. The abstract itself should be double-spaced and be between 150 - 250 words. It should be concise, specific and non-evaluative. The abstract is a brief comprehensive summary of the contents of the article. A well-prepared abstract is the most important paragraph in the article; therefore, the writing of it should be done with great care and concentration.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Table Of Contents Abstract Heading Title 1 Sub-heading 1 Sub-heading 2 Heading Title 2 Sub-heading 1 Sub-heading 2 References Appendix Tables Figures 2 4 4 6 10 10 12 15 16 18 19
NOTES: Strictly speaking, papers documented according to APA format do not include a table of contents; however, some professors may indicate that they wish one to be included. If this is the case, the format shown above is suggested. The table of contents should follow the abstract; it is not listed on the page itself.
HEADINGS/ p 62 - 63.
(Level 1) (Level 2) (Level 3)
Centered, Boldface, Uppercase and Lowercase Heading Flush Left, Boldface, Uppercase and Lowercase Heading Indented, boldface, lowercase paragraph heading ending with a period. Indented, boldface, italicized, lowercase paragraph heading ending with a period. Indented, italicized, lowercase paragraph heading ending with a period.
NOTES: Headings indicate the organization of a paper. The heading style recommended by APA consists of five possible formatting arrangements…The heading structure for all sections follows the same top-down progression.(p. 62) The introduction to a manuscript does not carry a heading that labels it as the introduction. Do not label headings with numbers or letters. When using headings, use the following guidelines: For short articles: For essays or articles in APA journals: For...
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