Based on the 6th Edition of the American Psychological Association (APA) Publication Style Manual
This presentation aims to provide an overview of the American Psychological Association (APA) guidelines for formatting written papers. Students and faculty should refer to the Sixth edition of the “Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association” (2010) for specific formatting guidelines. This presentation was created by Prof. Steve Lopez and Prof. Ariel Gil
Writing for the Behavioral and Social Sciences
• Types of Articles: 1. Empirical Studies 2. Literature Reviews 3. Theoretical Articles 4. Methodological Articles 5. Case Studies 6. Other Types of Articles* * Reports, comments, and replies on previously published articles
Why Use APA Format?
• The correct citation of your sources is serious business! – Provides for a standardized format – Protects you from accusations of plagiarism – Allows readers to cross-reference your sources – Gives you credibility as a writer – Preferred by academia.
General Document Guidelines
• • • • • • • • Paper size & type: 8.5” x 11” - heavy white bond Font size: 12 pt Preferred font type: Times New Roman Spacing: The entire document is double-spaced Margins: 1” on ALL sides Text justification: Left justified (not full) Line length: 6.5” (78 characters) Lines per page: No more than 27 (not counting header).
General Document Guidelines
• • Page numbering: Upper right hand corner, right justified (MS Word header location is acceptable). Paragraphs & Indentations: Indent the first line of every paragraph 5-7 spaces (.3-.4 inch). The only exception are abstract, block quotations, titles and headings, table title and notes, and figure captions.
Order of Pages
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Title page (separate page, numbered page 1) Abstract (separate page, numbered page 2) Text (start on a separate page, numbered page 3) References (Start on a separate page) Tables (start each on a separate page) Figures (start each on a separate page)* Appendices (Start each on a separate page)
* include caption on page with figure
Note: In a manuscript submitted for publication, figures, tables and footnotes are placed at the end of the manuscript; in academic work, such material is incorporated at the appropriate point in text as a convenience to readers.
• • • • • • Pagination: The Title Page is page 1. Key Elements: Paper title, author(s), and affiliation(s) of author(s). Article Title: Uppercase and lowercase letters, centered and positioned in the upper half of the paper. Author(s): Uppercase and lowercase letters, centered on the line following the title. Institutional affiliation: Uppercase and lowercase letters, centered on the line following the author(s). Running head: The running head is typed flush left (all uppercase) following the words "Running head:” in the same line showing the page number. Do not exceed 50 characters, including punctuation and spaces.
Running head: MY FIRST APA PAPER 1
Flush left, do not exceed 50 characters; ALL CAPS!
Title Page is page No. 1
My First APA Paper Author Affiliation Steve Lopez Ana G. Mendez University Optional Information: Course number and title Professor’s name Due date
Author Note (Refer to pp. 24 and 25)
• Begin the abstract on a new page • Include page header and page number 2 • Page title is “Abstract” (Title Case, centered) • Single paragraph in block format (no indentation) • Do not exceed 120 words • Type all numbers as digits – except those that begin a sentence Note: Abstracts are a faculty option
MY FIRST APA PAPER Abstract Begin the abstract on a new page (i.e., page 2 of your document). Type the word “Abstract.” as a centered subtitle with upper and lower case letters. Do not indent the paragraph. The entire abstract should not exceed 120 words. 2
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Titles should be clear and concise. They should...