According to section 1.07 of the APA Publication Manual [ (2001) ], “An abstract is a brief, comprehensive summary of the contents of the article; it allows readers to survey the contents of an article quickly, and like a title, it enables abstracting and information services to index and retrieve articles” (p. 12).
NOTE: Abstract is not indented. Also note that the manuscript page header begins on this page. Page numbering, however, begins on the Title Page, so the Abstract page number is 2. .
Title of APA Paper
This is the Body of the APA Paper. [ (Holybee, 2008) ] Main body of the paper has indented paragraphs. Do not double-double space between paragraphs. 1 inch margins on all sides.
Typeface – Serif – Times New Roman for text. 10-12 pt.
Typeface – Sans Serif – Arial for figures, description of pictures. 10-12 pt. Double-space entire document.
Indent the first line of every paragraph ½ inch.
Align the text to the left with a right ragged edge.
Paragraphs and sections do not have any white space between them except for the standard double-space. The paper starts with an introduction but does not use the label “Introduction.” The body of the paper begins one double space directly under the Paper Title. Headings are centered. The last paragraph is the conclusion and has a heading called “Summary” or “Discussion.” This template includes styles for titles, body, abstract, headings, etc. Level headings are appropriately created so the outline view looks right. 4 Sections:
1. Page 1 – Title Page
2. Page 2 – Abstract
3. Page 3 – Beginning of body of report
4. Page following the last page of the body – References (Citations are in the body of the paper.) 5. Optional page – Appendix
Five Types of Headings:
Source material must be documented in the body of the paper by citing the author(s) and date(s) of the sources. The underlying principle is that ideas and words of others must be formally acknowledged (otherwise it is plagiarism). Use the bibliography feature in Microsoft Word to manage citations. It seems that there is no automatic way to indicate ¶ numbers in citations, so they need to be converted to static text for a final edit. A. When the names of the authors of a source are part of the formal structure of the sentence, the year of publication appears in parentheses following the identification of the authors. Example: Wirth and Mitchell (1994) found that although there was a reduction in insulin dosage over a period of two weeks in the treatment condition compared to the control condition, the difference was not statistically significant. [Note: and is used when multiple authors are identified as part of the formal structure of the sentence. Compare this to the example in the following section.] B. When the authors of a source are not part of the formal structure of the sentence, both the authors and year of publication appear in parentheses. Example: Reviews of research on religion and health have concluded that at least some types of religious behaviors are related to higher levels of physical and mental health (Gartner, Larson, & Allen, 1991; Koenig, 1990; Levin & Vanderpool, 1991; Maton & Pargament, 1987; Paloma & Pendleton, 1991; Payne, Bergin, Bielema, & Jenkins, 1991). [Note: & is used when multiple authors are identified in parenthetical material. Note also that when several sources are cited parenthetically, they are ordered alphabetically by first authors' surnames and separated by semicolons.] C. When a source that has two authors is cited, both authors are included every time the source is cited. D. When a source that has three, four, or five authors is cited, all authors are included the first time the source is cited. When that source is cited again, the first...