University of Phoenix
Name of Class
APA in a Nutshell
Repeat the title, exactly as named on the Title Page, on the first page of the paper. The title is centered with no additional spacing afterwards. The entire APA-formatted paper is double-spaced with no additional spacing between headers or other items. Each paragraph is indented five spaces (or a tab stop) from the left margin.
An abstract is not needed for student submitted papers (APA, 2001 [1.07]). Abstracts are only required when the paper is being submitted for publication to a journal that requires APA style. Theses and dissertations generally also require abstracts. An abstract is an author’s suggestion to the publisher of the summary of the article to include on the journal’s table of contents. Some University of Phoenix instructors may request abstracts with papers. Some universities recommend abstracts in papers exceeding 1200 words.
Margins for APA-formatted papers are one inch on all sides for student submitted papers and papers submitted for publication. Left margins of 1-1/2 inch are only appropriate for theses and dissertations being bound for archiving in university libraries.
Running heads for publication are only appropriate for papers submitted for publication, not student submitted papers (APA, 2001 [1.06, 5.15]). A running head for publication is the author’s suggestion to the publisher for the paper’s description to be placed on the top or bottom of the journal’s pages through which the article runs.
Pagination begins with the Title page and continues throughout the paper, including the Reference page. Organization of the Fifth Edition of the APA Manual
The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (5th ed.) provides much information across many chapters. The manual is designed for submitting papers to a journal for publication, so many elements may not apply to student submitted papers. Each university, including University of Phoenix, may have specific requirements for the format of theses, dissertations, and student papers, which may differ from those in the Publication Manual. However, University of Phoenix follows the general guidelines for papers designed for publication rather than for theses or dissertations.
The following sections, using proper heading formats for two-level papers such as this one, describe chapters one through six to assist students with locating information relevant to student papers (APA, 2001). Chapters seven through nine and the appendixes are not discussed as these are relevant only to papers submitted for publication, with the exception of Appendix C, describing ethical standards. Chapter 1 — Content and Organization of a Manuscript
This chapter describes review, theoretical, methodological, and case study articles as well as empirical studies. Guidelines are listed, describing participants of a study and on reporting statistics, with the goal of enabling researchers to replicate published studies. Instructions for the preparation of abstracts are also included. Chapter 2 — Expressing Ideas and Reducing Bias in Language
This chapter emphasizes the importance of organizing one’s thinking and writing and of making every word contribute to clear and concise communication, including the reduction of bias in language. Chapter 3 — APA Editorial Style
This chapter describes many of the mechanical aspects of editorial style in APA journals, including punctuation, spelling, capitalization, italics, abbreviations, quotations, mathematical copy, headings, tables, illustrations, footnotes, and citations in the text. Chapter 4 — Reference List
This chapter provides a description of the components of common references, more examples, and many updates on some forms of referencing electronic media. Of particular note is the paragraph on page 232 discussing how to proceed if a reference example needed is not listed in this chapter....