Ap World History Western Imperialism in India and Africa

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AP World History Comparative Essay

Aieshah Abdeljawad

5th 2/14/11

During the period of 1750-1914, Western intervention was a common thing as European states began to believe that imperial expansion and colonial domination were crucial for the survival of their states and societies as well as their personal fortunes. India and Africa were colonized so quickly for their resources and out of competition that other European states would colonize them first. Both India and Africa had violent reactions to European colonization but the effect was different between the two. For India, the colonization, though had a very violent rebellion, linked India into the global economy and provided better communication throughout the whole state. For Africa the colonization often led to violent conflict with indigenous people and the new boundaries the Europeans made cut across existing ethnic and political boundaries that weakened the indigenous people. The boundaries would later cause drastic problems when the Europeans left examples would be the Apartheid in South Africa and the genocide in Rwanda.

The British Empire in India grew out of mercantilism activities of the England East India Company. The company gained permission from the Mughal Empire to build forts on the coastlines for the trading agents to store commodities and transport back to Europe. As the Mughal Empire weakened; The East India Company took advantage of this weakness the merchants began campaigns to conquest India. They won official rule of Mughal officials and local authority then they enforced their rule with a small British army and a large number of Indian troops known as sepoys. A very violent revolt against British rule by the sepoys would begin. The sepoys would receive rifles that fired bullets from cartridges. The cartridges would be wrapped in a wax made from animal fat and the British officials would advise them to ripe the wax with their teeth. The sepys would refuse out of fear...
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