C) Elaborate cultural systems D) Diverse civilizations
2) What was the relationship between the Toltecs and their predecessors in central Mexico? 2) _______ A) The Toltecs adopted the animistic religion of their predecessors, but failed to develop cities or ceremonial centers. B) The Toltecs adopted many cultural features from their predecessors to which they added a strong military ethic and human sacrifice. C) The entry of the Toltecs into central Mexico marks an abrupt break in the cultural development of the region. D) The Toltec rejected all economic and social practices but did use similiar religious practices.
3) How did the Aztecs view the cultural achievements of the Toltecs? 3) _______ A) As slaves, fit only for conquest
B) As the givers of civilization
C) As heretics, who practiced a forbidden religion
D) As barbarians who lacked culture
4) The people who succeeded the Toltecs as the rulers of central Mexico were the 4) _______ A) Incas.
5) Around what year did the Aztecs migrate to the central valley of Mexico? 5) _______ A) 1434 B) 1150 C) 932 D) E) 1325
6) What city did the Aztecs establish circa 1325 on a marshy island in Lake Texcoco? 6) _______ A) Teotihuacan B) Chinampa
C) Texcoco D) Tenochtitlan
7) What was the impact of expansion and conquest on the Aztec social system? 7) _______ A) Aztec society was transformed in the sense that the Mexicans adopted the social patterns of the Maya. B)
C) Despite the stress of warfare and invasion, the Aztec society remained remarkably unchanged by the process. D) Conquest opened up Aztec society to incursions by the indigenous peoples who began to form a trained bureaucracy. E) From a loose association of clans, Aztec society became a highly stratified society.
8) Which of the following statements concerning Aztec religion is most accurate? 8) _______ A) Tonatiuh and Tezcatlipoca became the paramount gods along with Nezhualcoyotl. B) Aztec deities were normally associated only with male forms. C) Shortly after establishing their empire, the Aztecs abandoned all gods other than their patron, Huitzilopochtli. D) Aztec deities were numerous and had different forms or manifestations somewhat like the avatars of the Hindu deities.
9) The central figure of the cult of human sacrifice and the most sacred deity of the Aztecs was 9) _______ A) Chac. B) Quetzalcoatl.
C) Tlaloc. D) Huitzilopochtli.
10) The Aztec innovation in intensive agriculture in the aquatic environments of the lakes of central Mexico was the development of 10) ______ A) chinampas. B) Pochteca. C) pipiltin. D) quipus.
11) The capital of the Inca empire was 11) ______
A) Cuzco. B) Chan Chan. C) Cajamarca. D) Tihuanaco.
12) The Inca ruler associated with the first creation of the Inca empire in 1438 was 12) ______ A) Ahuitzotl. B) Nezhualcoyotl.
C) Pachacuti. D) Moctezuma II.
13) What do the authors suggest was the principal reason for Inca conquest and expansion? 13) ______ A) The practice of split inheritance
B) The existence of long-distance trade merchants within the imperial administration C) The absence of irrigation systems within the Inca empire D) Their need for human sacrificial victims
14) What was the Inca practice of split inheritance? 14) ______ A) On the death of the previous ruler, the family's wealth was equally divided among all male heirs. B) All power and wealth was inherited by the eldest son but religious leadership fell to the youngest daughter. C) On the death of the previous ruler, the inheritance passed through...