1.Which of the following was not one of the main inspirations for European exploration? (p. 599) 2.The Portuguese, who were the first Europeans to dominate trade with Asia, viewed the Atlantic Ocean islands as the perfect location for the cultivation of (p. 599) 3.Which of the following was not a reason for the European interest in finding a maritime trade route? (p. 599) 4. The reconquista came to an end in 1492 when (p. 600)
5.Lateen sails had what advantage? AND what was the astrolabe designed to measure? (p. 601) 6.Which of the following were both Chinese inventions? (p. 601) 7.The volta do mar (p. 604)
8. Who conquered the Moroccan port of Ceuta and sponsored a series of voyages down the west African coast? AND who was the first European to sail around the Cape of Good Hope? AND the profitable merchandise that Vasco da Gama purchased in India was made up of what? (p. 604, 605) 9.Christopher Columbus’s decision to sail west to reach Asia was based on what? AND on 12 October 1492, Columbus made landfall on an island that the native Tainos called what? (p. 606) 10. The first European to sight the Pacific Ocean was (pp. 606-608) 11. On his circumnavigation of the world, where did Ferdinand Magellan die? AND so, who completed the first circumnavigation of the world in 1522? (p. 609) 12.Most of the actual exploration of the Pacific Ocean was carried out by which group of Europeans? AND which explorer led three expeditions into the Pacific in the eighteenth century? AND how did that explorer die? (p. 609, 612) 13.In their attempt to control the spice trade in the Indian Ocean, the Europeans during the period between the sixteenth and eighteenth centuries (p. 612) 14.The Portuguese dominance of trade was dependent on their ability to (p. 612) 15.In the end, Portugal was unable to maintain its early domination of trade because (p. 613) 16.Which of the following was not an advantage that the English and Dutch had over the Portuguese? (p. 613) 17.The VOC was the (p. 613)
18.Under Spanish rule of the Philippines, the center of Spain’s commercial activity in Asia, the native population (p. 616) 19.Which of the following was the most prosperous country in Europe during the seventeenth century? AND the Dutch policy in Indonesia was (p. 617) 20.When did Russian territorial expansion into northern Eurasia begin? AND Russian merchants and explorers began the expansion into Siberia in the quest for what item? (p. 617) 21.The country that finished the Seven Years’ War with global hegemony was (p. 620) 22.In the long term, the Columbian exchange (p. 622)
23.From 1500 to 1800, the largest contingent of migrants consisted of (p. 623) 24.By 1750, all parts of the world participated in a global trade network in which European’s played dominant roles except (p. 626)
25.The Catholic church dramatically pushed the sale of indulgences in the sixteenth century because of the (p. 631) 26. Which one of the following was not one of Luther’s problems with the Roman Catholic church? (p. 631) 27.In the centuries following the fall of Rome, the only unifying force for all of Europe was (p. 632) 28.The event that inspired Henry VIII to confront the pope, which led to a reformation in England, was (p. 633) 29.Who was the author of the Institutes of the Christian Religion? AND what city stood as that man’s model for a Protestant community? (p. 633) 30.Which one of the following was not one of the pillars of the Catholic Reformation (sometimes called the Counter-Reformation)? AND the council that helped define and advance the Catholic Reformation took place in what city? (p. 634)
31.Ignatius Loyola was instrumental in (p. 634)
32.The explosion of witch-hunting in the sixteenth century was most probably caused by what? AND ninety-five percent of the condemned witches were part of which of the...