Ap World History Study Guide for Exam One: “Foundations: Prehistory – 600 C.E.”

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AP WORLD HISTORY
STUDY GUIDE FOR EXAM ONE:
“FOUNDATIONS: PREHISTORY – 600 C.E.”

TERMS/IDEAS TO KNOW:
1. Pastorialism
2. Patrilineal
3. Matrilineal
4. Hominids
5. Cuneiform
6. Hammurabi’s Code of Law
7. Upper Egypt
8. Lower Egypt
9. Mandate of Heaven
10. Scholar-gentry
11. Legalism
12. city-state
13. Monotheism
14. Polytheism
15. Maize
16. Civil service examination system
17. Delian League
18. Peloponnesian League
19. Council of 500
20. Hellenic culture
21. Hellenistic culture
22. Eunuchs
23. Jati
24. Varna
25. Karma
26. nirvana
27. reincarnation
28. Transmigration
29. monasticism
30. diffusion
31. Oligarchy
32. democracy
33. Silk Road

INDIVIDUALS/PEOPLES TO KNOW:
34. King Menes
35. Queen Hatshepsut
36. Confucius
37. Laozi
38. King David
39. Abraham
40. Moses
41. Alexander the Great
42. Julius Caesar
43. Marc Antony
44. Octavian (Augustus Caesar)
45. Marcus Aurelius
46. Constantine
47. Diocletian
48. Aryans
49. Dasas
50. Chandragupta Maurya
51. Ashoka
52. Chandra Gupta

RELIGIONS/BELIEF SYSTEMS TO KNOW:
53. Confucianism
54. Daoism
55. Animism
56. Buddhism
57. Christianity
58. Hinduism
59. Judaism

PERIODS, AGES, ERAS TO KNOW:
60. Mesolithic era
61. Neolithic era
62. Paleolithic era
63. Bronze Age
64. Iron Age

WARS AND CONFLICTS TO KNOW (WHO, WHY, RESULTS):
65. Persian Wars
66. Peloponnesian War
67. Punic Wars

CIVILIZATIONS, KINGDOMS, EMPIRES TO KNOW THINGS ABOUT:
68. Indus River civilization
69. Nile River civilization
70. Huang He civilization
71. Tigris-Euphrates civilization
72. Shang Dynasty
73. Zhou Dynasty
74. Qin Dynasty
75. Olmecs
76. Chavin
77. Maya
78. Sumeria
79. Phoenicia
80. Athens
81. Sparta
82. Etruscans
83. Roman Empire
84. Han Dynasty
85. Mauryan Empire
86. Gupta Empire
87. Kingdom of Israel
88. Kingdom of Judea
89. Assyrian Empire
90. Sasanid Empire

ARCHITECTURAL, ARTISTIC, LITERARY WORKS TO KNOW:
91. Lascaux cave paintings
92. Parthenon
93. Pantheon
94. Upanishads
95. Ramayana
96. Bhagavad-Gita

QUESTIONS TO PONDER:

1. Characteristics of pastorialism/nomadic societies.
2. How long ago did hominids begin to evolve?
3. What period did people begin developing the arts?
4. Effects of pastorialism on history and society?
5. Characteristics and benefits of early agricultural societies? 6. Importance of bronze? Iron?
7. Reasons why cities are important to civilization?
8. How was Sumeria politically organized?
9. What event/happening do most historians begin the history of Egypt? 10. On what did Egyptian civilization depend?
11. How did ancient Egypt civilization and the Mesopotamian civilization resemble each other? How did they differ? 12. What major similarities did the four great river systems have in common? Where are they? What differences do they have? 13. Major characteristics of the Shang dynasty?

14. What was the longest Chinese dynasty and what were the factors for its longevity? 15. Major results for the fall of the Zhou Dynasty? What major philosophies came out of this time period? Explain basic tenets of each. 16. What were the major roles of the scholar-gentry?

17. What are the “Five Relationships”?
18. What were the major civilizations in Classical Mesoamerica? Major reasons why pastorialism did not develop in the Americas? 19. Most significant contribution of Judaism?
20. Contributions of the Phoenicians?
21. Treatment of women in Greek city-states?
22. The common enemy of the Greek city-state?
23. What were Alexander the Great’s ideas for this new empire? 24. Characteristics of Greek architecture and drama?
25. After what events did the Romans come to control the Mediterranean? 26. Major...
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