Ap World History Persian Charts (Chp.11 Bulliet Book)

Only available on StudyMode
  • Download(s) : 2417
  • Published : March 13, 2012
Open Document
Text Preview
Teotihuacan:
Political:
Power not concentrated in the hands of a single ruler.
The rapid growth in urban population initially resulted from a series of volcanic eruptions that disrupted agriculture. The elite used the cities growing labor resources to bring marginal lands into production. Members of the elite controlled the state bureaucracy, tax collection, and commerce. Economy:

More than 2 % of the urban population was engaged in making obsidian tools More than 2/3 of the city’s residence retained their dependency on agriculture Chinampas
Religion:
Religious architecture rose above a city center aligned with nearby sacred mountains and reflecting the movement of the stars. The city’s role as a religious center and commercial power divided both divine approval of and a material basis for the elites increased wealth & status. Quetzalcoatl

Social:
As the population grew the housing of commoners underwent drastic changes Apartment like stone houses
Human sacrifice
Interaction:
Trade with pilgrims
Nomadic warriors from the northern frontier
Art :
Obsidian tools
Pottery
Near:
Northeast of modern day Mexico city
Valley of Mexico
Aztec:
Political:
Monarchial system
No absolute power
Royal succession not based on primogeniture
Tribute system
Economy:
Imports chocolate from maya
Class of merchants controlled long distance trade
Commerce carried without money, and credit
Religion:
Worshiped gods( male & Female)
Bad people were preferred sacrificial victims
Social:
Clan based social organization
Royal family highest ranked
Lower classes received some rewards from imperial expansion but lost ability to influence control decisions Interactions:
Traded chocolate with Maya
Art:
Dikes to separate freshwater and salt water
Chinampas
Tenochtitlan architecturally dominated by great twin temple Near:
Northern people
Central Mexico
Relocated to small islands near shore of lake texcoco
Maya:
Political:
Political& priestly functions were served by rulers& other members of the elite Never unified politically
Military forces fought to secure captives not territory
Economy:
Swidden agriculture
Favored the growth of trees & shrubs
Every house had a garden ( to produce dietary staple)
Religion:
Religious temples
Rituals that linked the power of kings to gods
Temple represents physical representation elements of religion Bloodletting
Social:
Rulers and elite covered bodies with paint and tattoos
Women played central role in religious rituals
Interaction:
None
Art:
Used irrigation
Everything was made without the use of wheels
Covered alters and stone monoliths were erected near major temples Made contributions to calendar math and writing
Near:
Region included Guatemala, Honduras, Belize, and southern Mexico Moche:
Political:
Created tools that allowed them to dominate the north coastal regions of peru. They didn’t establish a formal empire or create unified political structures Theocratic
Wealth , power, political power were in the hands of priest and military leaders Political leaders were chosen based on ability to do rituals Economy:
Produced cocoa
Cultivated maize, quinoa, beans, manioc, sweet potatoes. Subsistence farming
Women made weaving
Pottery
Gold jewelry , metal work
Religious:
Natural forces
Rituals
Social:
Meat was important in their diets
Women had a special role in making textiles
The need to organize large numbers of laborers to construct and maintain the irrigation system helped promote class division Elite wore tall headdresses
Gold and gold alloy jewelry marked their social position Large gold plugs decorated their ears
Men & women in agriculture
Interactions:
None
Art:
Pottery
Irrigation system
Gold
Jewelry
Textiles
Near:
North coastal region of Peru
Inca:
Political:...
tracking img