Ap World History: Chapter 27 Questions

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Chapter 27

1. Russia overturned its conservative policies in many ways. Alexander II removed the serfdom. Cultural nationalism led to political demands and worried the state. Their lust to become as successful as the west led them to industrialize. The lower classes suffered greatly in this time period, and they demanded better living conditions. Since the serfdom was disestablished, the government gave them land, but they would only be able to leave if they paid off the debt on the land. Many things changed once communism took hold.

2. The conditions in Russian factories were similar to that of a European factory because in both areas, the conditions were not ideal. The conditions were different because the European factory workers had more rights. The workers could request better conditions, or go on strike. However, in Russia the workers had no rights. These conditions were enough to start a revolt, but the revolt would be quickly crushed by the government.

3. Russia’s revolution garnered enough support to topple the Czar’s government by pointing out what people were dealing with in normal life, and what they did not have compared to the rest of the world. The workers fought for pay which was equal to the income their work brought. Wars that were provoked by the Czar also helped because the people were not very fond of constant war because it meant more work for the war effort on top of the 12 hour shifts they were already forced to work.

4. The Japanese managed to have a revolution without bloodshed because they turned to the Emperor for approval. Even though the Emperor had no real power, the people looked up to him. If revolutionaries could win the support of the Emperor, then many people would look up to the ideas that the Emperor agreed with. The revolutionaries just showed the Emperor that Shogunates were not good and that their ideas were better.

5. Before the 19th century, Japan and China shared certain features of...
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