Ap Us History Vocabulary

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Commonly Appearing Terms
1607-1763

Indentured Servants
People who came to America and was placed under contract to work for another over a period of time, especially during the 17th and 19th centuries (ex. redemptioners, victims of religious or political persecution, people kidnapped, convicts and paupers) Proprietary, Royal, Charter Colonies

Proprietary colony: any of certain colonies, as Maryland and Pennsylvania, that were granted to an individual group by the British crown and that were granted full rights of self-government Royal colony: a colony, as New York, administered by a royal governor and council appointed by the British crown, and having a representative assembly elected by the people Charter colony: a colony, as Virginia, Massachusetts, Connecticut, or Rhode Island, chartered to an individual, trading company, etc., by the British crown Pilgrims/Separatists

Pilgrims: a person who journeys, esp. a long distance, to some sacred place as an act of religious devotion Separatists: a person who separates, withdraws, or secedes, as from an established church Trade and Navigation Acts

A series of laws which restricted the use of foreign shipping for trade between England and its colonies, started in 1651 Peter Zenger trial
He printed a document that criticized William Cosby, the Governor of New York; shortly afterwards, Cosby had Zenger arrested on a charge of seditious libel; later found innocent of the seditious libel House of Burgesses

The elected lower house in the legislative assembly in the New Worldestablished in the Colony of Virginia in 1619 Mayflower Compact
The first governing document of Plymouth Colony, written by the colonists King Phillip's War
An armed conflict between Native American inhabitants of present-day southern New England and English colonists and their Native American allies from 1675–1676. Anne Hutchinson
A pioneer settler in Massachusetts, Rhode Island and New Netherlands and the unauthorized minister of a dissident church discussion group Held Bible meetings for women that soon had great appeal to men as well; eventually, she went beyond Bible study to proclaim her own theological interpretations of sermons, some of which offended the colony leadership; major controversy ensued, and after a trial before a jury of officials and clergy, she was banished from her colony Roger Williams

An English theologian, a notable proponent of religious toleration and the separation of church and state and an advocate for fair dealings with Native Americans. In 1644, he received a charter creating the colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, named for the principal island in Narragansett Bay and the Providence settlement which provided a refuge for religious minorities. Credited for originating either the first or second Baptist church established in America, which he is known to have left soon afterwards, exclaiming, "God is too large to be housed under one roof." George Whitefield

An Anglican itinerant minister who helped spread the Great Awakening in Great Britain and, especially, in the British North American colonies. His ministry had tremendous impact on American ideology William Bradford

Plymouth Governor; a pilgrim that lived in a north colony called Plymouth Rock in 1620. He was chosen governor 30 times. He also conducted experiments of living in the wilderness and wrote about them; well known for "Of Plymouth Plantation" Great Puritan Migration

When any Puritans immigrated to North America in the 1620-1640s because they believed that the Church of England was beyond reform Great Awakening 1730s-1740s
Started by John Edwards to bring people back to the church; revitalized American religion, first spontaneous mass movement of Americans, encouraged missionary work among Indians and blacks, founding of "new light" learning centers French and Indian War (Seven Year's War or War of the Conquest) 1754-1763 The fourth such colonial war between the nations...
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