Ap Us History Study Guide Unit 6

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Judiciary Act of 1801: 16 circuit regional courts with a judge for each and strengthened support staff for the judicial branch Adams appointed them
secured Adams views before he leaves more definition to raise there power • Done right before Jefferson took office to put more Federalists in the government
 midnight judges- adams trying to establish federalist holding in judicial branch represent his point of view Marbury v. Madison/Judicial Review: When Jefferson assumed office the document listing Adam’s choices for “midnight judges” had not been finalized and Marbury (one of the nominated judges) ordered the Supreme court to force Madison to approve Adam’s appointments to the bench. The court said no. • This created Judicial Review, the court declared this unconstitutional
in creases the power of the judicial branch more strength •Seemed as the court was limiting its power and giving it to the executive making the court look weak •Challenging the executive decision

The Barbary Wars: Stop Pirates from looting and plundering ships off the coast of Tripoli forced whites into slavery •Increases the size of your navy
War was declared on the US by the Barbary states first ofer sea war •Sinking of the philidelphia
Forced the us to fend for themselfs showed elevated internation stature of the us. •First time americans were victorious on forging soil
Us still expanding trade markets

Lewis & Clark & the Louisiana Purchase: Bought from France for $15 million, Lewis and Clark were lead by Sacajawea and went from the Pittsburgh to the Pacific Ocean at Ft. Clatsop their expedition was to yield information that would further the westward expansion,
 •Doubled the size of the us

Was it constructional to set out on the expedition
• Moved the Indians and or made them assimilate

• Expanded scientific knowledge of the territory

• Formed westward migration

• Commercial Development

Election of 1804:
Jefferson had a successful first term and he was in the midst of htr Barbary wars lousiana purchase- federalist don’t like reversed alien and sedition acts No more whiskey tax, Can slavery be there?


Orders in Council: specified that any country that wanted to ship goods to France must first send them to a British port and pay taxes on them many Americans took this as acts of military and economic aggression against the U.S. 
• Continental System-Napoleons system of the orders of council all of Europe against Britain
 •Smuggling among New England Federalists/merchants


• Take the country to the war of 1812


The Chesapeake: Attacked off the coast of Virginia by British ships trying to impress the ship for “harboring British runaways” 3 Americans died and 18 were wounded and Jefferson was enraged by this and made an embargo on European exports hoping to make Europeans respect the Americans on the seas but this made federalists mad
 Embargo Act of 1807: Increased capital labor in New England textile and manufacturing which lessened America’s reliance on England
Jefferson un-popular with federalist in New England • Showed that America could be independent from England
stopped all trade with foreign nations Non-Intercourse Act: Put into place prohibiting trade only between the U.S. and Britain and France
 “War Hawks”: Resented the post-embargo recession that went through the Southern and Western regions hoped that through the war that the U.S. would win some land
 Macon’s Bill No. 2: Substituted for the Non-Intercourse Act resumed open trade with both France and Britain and Napoleon tricked the U.S. and said that they would repeal French restrictions so that the U.S. would stop trading with Britain and then the French continued to impress American ships- Britain continues to impress us ships leads to war of 1812 Tecumseh and Tenskwatawa (“the Prophet”): Attempted to unite a few tribes in Ohio and Indiana to form an anti-white government
 William Henry Harrison: Governor of Indiana crushed the...
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