1. Oliver Hazard Petty- United States commodore who led the fleet that defeated the British on Lake Erie during the War of 1812. HS: Petty’s win made him a hero among Americans and it also gave new life to the Americans in the war of 1812
2. Thomas Macdonough- was a naval officer for the United States during the War of 1812. He led his forces that were able to force the invading British army in Plattsburgh, New York in 1814. HS: Macdonough saved New York from being invaded if New York was defeated then the war might have had a different outcome. It also had a positive effect on American morale.
3. William Henry Harrsion- at the time of the War of 1812 he was the governor of the Indiana territory. He was a major war hero among Americans because he led the forces that defeated Tecumseh and the Prophet in the battle of Tippecanoe.
4. Francis Scott Key- is famous for being the writer of the poem “The Star Spangled Banner” Key wrote the poem during the attack of Baltimore during the war of 1812. HS: The poem was inspring to Americans and it was late made into a song and is now our national anthem.
5. Andrew Jackson- (straight from course notes) Andrew Jackson the seventh president of the United States was born on March 15, 1767 in New Lancaster County, South Carolina. He became a general in 1812 and was the leader in the Battle of New Orleans. Two weeks after he had won the battle, the diplomats that returned from Britain came back with a treaty. HS: Even though Jackson’s win technically wasn’t even part of the war it had a huge effect on the moral of Americans.
6. Washington Irving- was a writer in the Americas. He wrote famous books like “Rip Van Winkle” and “The Legend of Sleep Hollow” HS: He is considered the first American writer in England to be considered a legitimate writer.
7. James Monroe- is the writer of the Monroe Doctrine which was the basis for America foreign policy for nearly the next 100 years. It states how the United Stated should try to isolate itself from Europe and their wars. It also proclaimed that if Europe tried to further colonize the west they would not let them. HS: Basis for American foreign policy for many decades to come.
8. James Fenimore Cooper- was an America novelist who spent his life in the vast frontier and the INdinans. He wrote many famous books but his best remembered for “The Last of the Mohicans” HS: he was a very successful novelist in America in the early 19th century.
9. John Marshall- was the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court during 1801 to 1835 and presided over many of the most influencial cases in Supreme Court history like McCullouch vs Maryland. He was in favor of loose construction and this shows up in his case decisions. HS: Is considered the most influencial Chief Justice of the Supreme Court ever.
10. John C Calhoun- Leader of the Fugitive Slave Law, which forced the cooperation of Northern states in returning escaped slaves to the south. He also said to the senate that slavery was needed in the south. He argued that society is supposed to have an upper ruling class that enjoys the profit of a working lower class and that it is perfectly acceptable. HS: He was influencial to many in the south in their attempt to preserve slavery.
11. John Quincy Adams- was a very successful secretary of state during the early 19th century. He was the writer and main negotiator of the Adams- Onis Treaty which granted the US Florida in exchange for the US giving up its claim for Texas. He also aided in the writing of the Monroe Doctrine HS: Adams later became president, but his acts as Secretary of State are arguably more significant.
12. Daniel Webster- was a senator and considered that greatest and most verbally powerful member of congress during his time. HS: due to his verbal skills he was influencial in congress.
13. Henry Clay- was a legendary member of the United States Congress he is known as...