1. The "Three-Fifths Compromise" originally contained in the Constitution referred to the (A) proportion of states permitted to practice slavery
(B) rate at which one slave counted toward congressional representation (C) number of African Americans who could vote
(D) number of adult women who could vote
(E) number of American Indians allowed citizenship
2. Which of the following best explains why Massachusetts Bay officials banished Anne Hutchinson? (A) She challenged gender roles and Puritan orthodoxy.
(B) She was found guilty of practicing witchcraft.
(C) She preached the doctrine of predestination.
(D) She gave birth to a child out of wedlock.
(E) She opened an unlicensed tavern.
3. "Competition is a law of nature ..and can no more be done away with than gravitation. ...[I]f we do not like survival of the fittest, we have only one possible alternative, survival of the unfittest. The former is the law of civilization, the latter is the law of anticivilization." The quote above is an example of which of the
following schools of thought?
(A) Dialectical materialism
(B) Utopian socialism
(C) Social Darwinism
4. Parliament enacted the Stamp Act (1765) primarily to
(A) regulate trade between the colonies and European nations (B) strengthen the communication network within the colonies (C) raise revenue to pay for British troops in the colonies
(D) regulate commercial activity within colonies
(E) control population movement to the colonial back country
5. Kent State University was the site in 1970 of which of the following events? (A) A rock concert second only to the Woodstock concert in the number of attendees (B) A highly publicized sit-in advocating women's rights
(C) The first event in observance of Earth Day, which sought to increase public awareness of environmental degradation (D) An antiwar demonstration in which four students were killed by members of the National Guard
(E) A demonstration by African American, Hispanic, and White students in support of affirmative action that helped draw public attention to the issue 6. Perfectionism in the mid-nineteenth century is best defined as (A) improvement in the manners of the lower classes
(B) faith in human capacity to achieve a better life on earth through conscious acts of will (C) the rewards of church membership and regular attendance at Sunday services (D) allegiance to the political tenets of Jacksonian Democracy (E) belief in the inevitability of economic progress
7. The Congress of Industrial Organizations was most interested in unionizing which of the following? (A) Migrant farmworkers
(B) White-collar factory managers
(C) Unskilled and semiskilled factory workers
(D) Sailors on American merchant ships
(E) Women clerical workers
Library of Congress
8. The union membership card pictured above is designed to accomplish which of the following?
(A) Encourage United States workers to unite against foreign competition (B) Assure the public that strikes and walkouts were not part of union policy (C) Link union membership with patriotic and religious images (D) Point out the dangers of working as a longshoreman
(E) Show that membership in the longshoremen's union was open only to workers born in the United States 9. The Open Door policy in China called for which of the following? (A) A consortium of nations to govern China
(B) International acknowledgement of China’s right to exclude the trade of any nation (C) Recognition of Chinese territorial gains in Manchuria
(D) Reduction of foreign tariffs on Chinese goods
(E) Equal commercial access by all nations to the existing spheres of influence in China
10. Shays' Rebellion frightened many Americans when
(A) city mobs raided flour supplies in Philadelphia
(B) debt-ridden farmers attacked courts in western Massachusetts (C) Indians raided frontier settlements in Virginia