Chapter 16 Question Responses
1) If Lincoln had lived, the events and outcomes of Reconstruction probably would have been substantially different. For example, the White House wanted a minimal Reconstruction policy where as Congress wanted a radical Reconstruction policy. Neither of these policies were like the one Lincoln wanted so obviously the outcome was different because of this. Also, Lincoln would have been much kinder to the South as they came back into the Union because he would want the South to be loyal to the Union.
2) Radical Reconstruction policy was probably based more on selfish political and economic interests rather than on humanitarian concern for the freedmen. Although Congress gave the freedmen many benefits, it was probably just to reshape southern society before readmitting it into the Union. It was also selfish political and economic interests because the government did what they did to the South, not for the freedmen but for what Congress wanted.
3) What it means to impeach a president is for a president to be brought up on charges, not thrown out of office. Andrew Johnson should not have been convicted because you can't throw out a president just because you dislike the president and don't agree with his policies. If you could convict a president because of those reasons, we would be going through presidents left and right.
4) The factors that contributed to segregation in the late nineteenth century were one was the end of Reconstruction. The Union's military pulled out of southern society leaving the South free to be racist against blacks and segregate. Other factors include Black Codes, the Ku Klux Klan, the Compromise of 1877 and the 13th, 14th and 15th Amendments.
5) During Grant's administration, the factors that led the president to allow special interests to determine his policy on the money question were for one, the southern Republicans were angry about his protection of the federal government. One...