Ap Us History Ch 30-31 the American Pageant Test Study Guide

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AP US History Ch 30-31 The American Pageant Test Study Guide

Consider the 5 Ws when thinking about history: Who, What, When, Where, & Why/How is it important?

Ch 30 Wilsonian Progressivism at Home and Abroad, 1912-1916 [12th edition] (Ch 29 in 13th edition)

Before election as President in 1912, Woodrow Wilson had been – (progressive reform) state governor of NJ
(Son of a Presbyterian minister & president of Princeton University) As Gov of New Jersey(Democrat), Woodrow Wilson established a record a s a – passionate reformer In 1912, Wilson ran for president on Democratic platform including – antitrust legislation, monetary reform, tariff reductions, support for small business, What about dollar diplomacy? When Jane Addams nominated TR for President in 1912, – it symbolized the rising political status of women

{Odd b/c she was a pacifist & anti-imperialist while TR was a jingoist and imperialist of the highest order} TR’s New Nationalism – supported a broad program of social welfare & gov’t
p.688 Ex. Consolidation of trusts & labor unions, regulatory agencies, female suffrage, social insurance, min wage
p.689 TR was shot while delivering a speech & was saved by a thick speech & his glasses’ case & he continued to speak even w/the bullet lodged in side is chest Wilson’s New Freedom – favored small enterprise & entrepreneurship

pp.688-689 Ex. Free functioning, unregulated, un-monopolized markets & no social welfare
Not regulation but fragmentation of combinations w/antitrust laws 1912 election was notable b/c – it gave voters a clear choice of political & economic philosophies 1912 Presidential candidates: Woodrow Wilson-Democrat (winner), TR-Progressive/”Bull Moose,” William Howard Taft-Republican (1921 appointed Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court), Eugene V. Debs-Socialist

According to textbook, run away philosophical winner in 1912 was – Progressivism In 1912, Wilson became the first person born in the South elected to the presidency since before the Civil War
(Wilson born in VA – grew up in GA & Carolinas) (last Southern president was Zachary Taylor) pp.689-690
{2nd Democrat since Civil War – other – Grover Cleveland – twice, nonconsecutive} Wilson was most comfortable surrounded by – academic scholars (rather than politicians) {He was an elitist} Wilson’s attitude toward the masses can best be described as – having faith in them if they were properly educated Wilson’s political philosophy included faith in the masses (if properly educated), a belief that the president should provide leadership for Congress, a belief that the president should appeal over the heads of legislators to the sovereign people (unless it did not suit his needs apparently), a belief in the moral essence of politics [just not race relations – segregation], What about scorn for the ideal of self-determination for minority peoples in other countries? As a politician, Wilson was – inflexible & stubborn

Congress passed the Underwood Tariff b/c – Pres Wilson aroused public opinion to support its passage Wilson’s “triple wall of privilege” pp.691-693
Tariff p.691 – 1913 passed w/help of public – also public helped w/income tax above $3,000 annually
Banks pp.691-692 – Fed Reserve Act 1913 – 12 districts control banks – help w/$ when needed
Trusts p.692 – Fed Trade Commission Act 1914 – look for unfair business practices
Clayton Anti-Trust Act 1914 – strengthened older Sherman Act defining illegalities & made Unions exempt from prosecution In 1913, Wilson broke custom dating back to Thomas Jefferson when he

– personally delivered his presidential address to Congress (rather than have it read by a clerk) When Wilson became President in 1912, the most serious shortcoming in USA’s financial structure was that the – currency was inelastic (not enough money for all banks during panic/runs on banks p.691) When...
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