Chapter 9: The Executive Branch and the Bureaucracy
Outline Chapter 8 (not just Key Terms). Due 03/12/12. [Del. #6] Answer DQs 1-9. Due 03/14/12. [Del. #7]
Outline Chapter 9 (not just Key Terms). Due 03/20/12 [Del. #8] Answer DQs 10-19. Due 03/22/12 [Del. #9]
Federal Agency Project (details TBD)
Important Terms: Be sure to include an explanation of these terms in the appropriate sections of your outline.
Appointment Power- The authority vested in the president to fill a government office or position. Positions filled by presidential appointment include those in the executive branch and the federal judiciary, commissioned officers in the armed forces, and members of the independent regulatory commissions| Imperial Presidency- term used to describe a president as an emperor who acts without consulting Congress or acts in secrecy to evade or deceive congress| Cabinet- board of advisors to the President, composed of the heads of the executive Cabinet departments and any other officials whom the President chooses. The Constitution does not mention a Cabinet, but Washington created one by meeting with his Secretaries of State, Treasury, and War on a frequent basis. James Madison coined the term "president' cabinet" to describe the meetings. The tradition has been maintained in every subsequent American Presidency. Today, the Cabinet includes: the Secretary of State; the Secretary of the Treasury; the Secretary of Defense; the Attorney General; the Secretary of the Interior; the Secretary of Agriculture; the Secretary of Commerce; the Secretary of Labor; the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development; the Secretary of Transportation; the Secretary of Energy; and the Secretary of Health, and Welfare; the Secretary of Health and Human Services; Secretary of Education, and the Secretary of Veterans Affairs.| Inherent powers- The powers of the national government in the field of affairs that the Supreme Court has declared do not depend on constitutional grants but rather grow out of the very existence of the national government.| Delegation of powers- also called "enumerated powers." Delegated powers are those which are specifically listed in Article I, Section 8 of the Constitution as being granted to the Congress.| Legislative liaison staff- Those people who act as the communications link between the White House and Congress, advising the president or cabinet secretaries on the status of pending legislation.| Divided government- A government in which the presidency is controlled by one party and Congress is controlled by the other. This has become a common occurrence in recent decades as voters have begun to act more independent of parties and have voted split tickets.| Mandate Theory of Election- The idea that the winning candidate has a mandate from the people to carry out his or her platforms and politics. Politicians like the theory better than political scientists do.| Executive Agreement- an agreement between the United States and a foreign government that is less formal than a treaty and is not subject to the constitutional requirement for ratification by two-thirds of the U.S. Senate.| Ordinance Power- Power of the president to issue executive order| Executive Office of the President- an organization established by President Franklin D. Roosevelt to assist the president in carrying out major duties| Pardon/Reprieve/Clemency/Amnesty: Clemency means the forgiveness of a crime or the cancellation (in whole or in part) of the penalty associated with it. It is a general concept that encompasses several related procedures: pardoning, commutation, remission and reprieves. A pardon is the forgiveness of a crime and the cancellation of the relevant penalty; it is usually granted by a head of state (such as a monarch or president) or by a competent church authority....