Wade Davis Bill- Congress passed the Wade-Davis bill in 1864 as a substitute for Lincoln's ten percent plan. It required a majority of voters in a southern state to take a loyalty oath in order to begin the process of Reconstruction and guarantee black equality
Freedman’s Bureau- created by Congress in 1865, early welfare agency providing food, shelter, and medical aid for those made destitute by the war, Both blacks, chiefly freed slaves, and homeless whites
Black Codes- Laws passed by Southern state legislatures during Reconstruction, while Congress was out of session. These laws limited the rights of former slaves and led Congress to ratify the Fourteenth Amendment
Radical Republicans- faction of the Republican party during Reconstruction, they favored forcing the South to make fundamental changes before readmission to the Union. Eventually they won control because of Southerners' refusal to accept more lenient plans for Reconstruction
Civil Rights Act of 1866- federal law in the United States that made everyone born in the U.S. and not subject to any foreign power , citizens. It was aimed at the Freedmen (freed slaves) and was a major policy during Reconstruction
14th amendment- In 1866, the amendment was passed and gave blacks the right of citizenship in America. This affected the blacks because they are finally citizens and whites must understand this new change and deal with it
15th amendment- the constitutional amendment passed after the Civil War that guaranteed blacks the right to vote. This amendment affected not only freed slaves in the South, but also blacks living in the North, who generally had not been allowed to vote
Civil Rights Act of 1875- law passed on March 1, 1875, that guaranteed equal rights for blacks in public places and made illegal the exclusion of African Americans from jury duty. However, the Supreme Court declared this act invalid in 1883 because it protected social rather...