Ap Psychology Frq 2008

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2008 Psych FRQ

• One of the findings from Ainsworth’s attachment research was that children’s responses can fall into two categories: secure or insecure attachment. Securely attached children felt close to their mothers, safe, and more willing to explore or tolerate a novel experience, while insecurely attached children were more likely to react to the situation either with anxiety and ambivalence or with avoidance. • One of the findings from Baumrind’s research on parenting styles was that throughout families all over the world, there are four distinct parenting styles. These parenting styles are: Authoritarian, authoritative, permissive, and uninvolved. • One of the findings from Harry Harlow’s research on monkeys was that the baby monkey’s preferred the wire monkey with the terrycloth as opposed to the wire monkey with food. This proved that the contact comfort mothers provide is essential for normal social development. • One of the findings from Rene Spitz’s research on nursing homes proved that babies raised in nursing homes suffered emotionally, mentally, and physically. 1/3 of the babies died at an early age, and also the majority was physically, mentally, and socially retarded due to the lack of love. B)

• The Smith-Garcias should know that children become attached to their caregivers, and parents also become attached to their children. But although there is such a strong attachment pattern in infancy, the Smith-Garcias should know that they cannot ‘baby’ their child too extremely because attachment problems can later lead to problems with social relationships. The child cannot be depended on the parents for too long so he or she can gain a sense of self-reliance. • The Smith-Garcias should know that a child having self-esteem is an important part of their child’s development. In order for the Smith-Garcias child to have a good self-esteem, they must lean towards the authoritative...
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