AP Psychology Free Response Question 1
Behavioral psychologist explains anxiety is caused from observational learning (Myers, 2004). A treatment is based on the tenants of operant conditioning. The theories of operant conditioning state that behavior can be shaped by reinforcement or lack of it (Myers, 2004).
The psychodynamic theory, the idea is that anxiety is seen as a symptom of repressed conflicts (Myers, 2004). The treatment for anxiety would be free association (Myers, 2004).
A biological cause of anxiety is an imbalance of neurotransmitters in the brain (Upson). A number of medications have been shown to be useful for treating generalized anxiety disorder (Rowa, 2002) Cognitive psychologists think anxiety is caused from a way of thinking negative "automatic thoughts."(Myers, 2004). A treatment for anxiety would be cognitive-behavioral therapy, which seeks to lessen both cognitive and physical symptoms by changing the way a person thinks about his disorder (Raymond, n.d). References
Myers, D. G. (2004). Psychology (7th ed.). New York: Worth Publishers. Raymond, R. (n.d.). What Are the Causes of Cognitive Anxiety? | eHow.com. eHow | How to Videos, Articles & More - Discover the expert in you. | eHow.com. Retrieved October 8, 2012, from http://ehow.com/about_5445005_causes-cognitive-anxiety.html Rowa. (n.d.). Anxiety Treatment and Research Centre. Anxiety Treatment and Research Centre. Retrieved October 8, 2012, from http://anxiety.stjoes.ca/generalA.htm Upson, M. (n.d.). Biological Causes of Anxiety | eHow.com. eHow | How to Videos, Articles & More - Discover the expert in you. | eHow.com. Retrieved October 8, 2012, from http://ehow.com/how-does_5554542_biological-causes-anxiety.html
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