AP Human Geography Study Guide

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Chapter 1
-What is Scale?
What is the difference between local and global scale?

-What are the three methods of scale and describe them.
1.)
2.)
3.)

-What is projection and what are the 4 types of distortion that can result from projection? What are the differences between the Mercator and Peter's projections?

-What does the saying “uniform global landscape” mean?

-What does the idea the world is shrinking mean? (4 things)
1.)
2.)
3.)
4.)

-What is a transnational corporation (T.C.)?

-What is the difference between a place and a region?

-How are GPS and GIS different?

-How are location, toponym and situation related?

-Name the three types of regions and explain them.
1,)
2.)
3.)
-What is “environmental determinism?”

-Explain concentration and the 2 different types.

Chapter 2
-Where is the world's population distributed?

-Where has the world's population increased?

-Why is population increasing at different rates in different countries?

-Why might the world face an overpopulation problem?

-What is density?
What are the three types and what do they mean?
1.
2.
3.
-What is the demographic transition model? (Name and explain all 4 stages) 1.
2.
3.
4.
-Population Pyramid (draw, label, and explain)

-Explain Thomas Malthus's Theory (give reason(s) for and against it)

-What is the epiemiologic transition model and how does it relate to the demographic transition model? Also name and explain all 4 stages and the possible 5th stage. (place 1 disease with each stage) (Explain reasons for this possible stage.) 1.

2.
3.
4.
5.

-Explain these abbreviations...
CBR-
CDR-
IMR-
NIR-
TFR-
ZPG-

-What is the ecumene?

Chapter 3
-Why do people migrate?

-Where are migrants distributed?

-Why do migrants face obstacles?

-Why do people migrate within a country?

-What is an intervening obstacle?

-Explain Brain Drain.

-What is chain migration?

-Explain the difference between emigration and imigration.

Chapter 4
-Where do folk and popular cultures originate and diffuse?

-Why is folk culture clustered?

-Why is popular culture widely distributed?

-Why does globalization of popular culture cause problems?

-Explain multiple ways how cultures can diffuse.

-How does popular culture affect an environment? (give at least one example)

-Explain how folk and popular culture are different.

Chapter 5
-Where are English-language speakers distributed?

-Why is English related to other languages?

-Where are other language families distributed?

-Why do people preserve local languages?

-What is BRP?

-How is a language considered isolated?

-What is an extinct language?

-What is Spanglish?

-Explain vulgar latin.

-People’s core values and beliefs are found in their religion, an essential element of the definition of culture. Chapter 6
-Some religions are global, designed to appeal to people throughout the world. Other religions are more local, designed to appeal primarily to people in -geographically limited areas.

-Religious values are as much a part of identity as is language. How people organize this landscape is important to geographers.

-Where are religions distributed?

-Why do religions have different distributions?

-Why and how do religions organize space?

-Why do territorial conflicts arise among religious groups?

-What are the three most common religions around the world? (label them universalizing or ethnic religions) 1.
2.
3.

-What are the three iconic universalizing religions?
1.
2.
Buddhism
Islam
3.

-What are some ethnic religions? (name 5)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

-Compare the
diffusion of the
three universalizing
religions-

Christianity

-What is the name of the place of worship for...
-Christianity called-
-Islam called-
-Buddhism called-
-Hinduism called-
-Judaism called-

-Explain cosmogony.

To be continued.......
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