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1. APHUG Midterm 2012-2013

2. APHUG: Nature and Perspectives Test

3. The South American country with the highest average daily calorie consumption per capita is a. Argentina
b. Peru
c. Brazil
d. Chile

4. Most of the one billion malnourished people in the world: e. have little power
f. have little money
g. are women or children
h. all of the above

5. Two countries with very high percentages of arable land are: i. the United States and South Africa.
j. Colombia and Togo.
k. Rwanda and Poland
l. Russia and India.

6. Much of Kenya’s income comes from:
m. oil
n. coffee and tea production
o. iron ore
p. tourism

7. _____% of Kenya’s land is arable.
q. 72
r. 48
s. 23
t. 8

8. The spread of disease where nearly all adjacent individuals are affected is an u. example of:
v. relocation diffusion
w. independent infection
x. contagious diffusion
y. stimulus diffusion

9. The diffusion of Birkenstock shoes or of new styles of music tend to be examples of: z. independent adoption
{. contagious diffusion
|. hierarchical diffusion
}. stimulus invention

10. Which form of diffusion cannot be transmitted by media (television, internet, radio)? ~. relocation diffusion
. hierarchical diffusion
. stimulus diffusion
. expansion diffusion

11. Nineteenth Century American English contains words that are Dutch, Native American, Spanish, French and German. Most of this growth of the language was the product of: . multi-cultural curriculum in the schools

. international broadcast media
. a fashion for including exotic words
. relocation diffusion of various groups

12. The notion that cultural factors are the product of environmental conditions (e.g. the ancient Greek idea that Europeans were fierce and brutish because of the cold climate), is an example of: . environmental prejudice

. modern environmental psychology
. environmental determinism
. environmental possibilism

13. The study of human cultures and their ability to adapt and exist within a particular . physical environment is called:
. possibilism
. cultural ecology
. culture history
. cultural determinism

14. Replacement level, the number of births needed to keep a population at a stable level without immigration, requires a total fertility of . 10.
. 2.1.
. 3.5.
. 5.0

15. Which European country is at or above replacement level? . Spain.
. Switzerland.
. France.
. Kosovo.

16. Countries with aging populations attempt to stimulate economic growth to lessen the effect of rising medical and retirement costs by . cutting social security.
. encouraging increased birth rate.
. promoting immigration.
. promoting emigration of the elderly.

17. Not all countries with aging populations resort to immigration to offset economic problems. An example is: . Germany.
. Japan.
. the United States.
. Norway.

18. Almost everywhere on Earth, Total Fertility Rates (TFRs) are . rising.
. falling.
. staying about the same.
. influenced by precipitation levels.

19. In the Western Hemisphere, Total Fertility Rates fell below replacement level before 1989 in ____. . the United States, Canada, and Cuba.
. the United States and Argentina.
. Canada and Mexico.
. Cuba, Argentina, and Brazil.

20. The arithmetic density of population for a country is determined by dividing the total . population by the number of farmers.
. area of square miles by 5.
. area of the country by the population.
. population by...
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