- Majority Rule: A fundamental democratic principle requiring that the majority’s view be respected. Nonetheless, the Constitution originally contained a number of provisions designed to limit majority rule, including the electoral college, life tenure for Supreme Court justices, and the selection of senators by state legislature
- Checks and Balances: System in which each branch of government can limit the power of the other two branches. For example, the Senate has the power to approve or reject presidential appointments to the Supreme Court.
- Unitary System: System of government in which all power is invested in a central government.
- Federalism: A system of government in which all power is invested in a central government
- Expressed powers: Powers specifically granted to the federal government by the Constitution. For example, the Constitution gives Congress the power to coin money, impose taxes, and regulate interstate commerce. Expressed powers are also called enumerated powers.
- Implied Powers: Powers of the federal government that go beyond those enumerated in the Constitution. Implied powers are derived from the elastic or necessary and proper clause.
- Reserved Powers: Powers not specifically granted to the national government or denied to the states. Reserved powers are held by the states through the 10th amendment
- Cooperative Federalism: Situations in which the national and state governments work together to complete projects. Also called fiscal federalism.
- Categorical Grant: Funds provided for a specific and clearly defined purpose.
- Block Grant: Funds granted to the states for a broadly defined purpose. Because block grants shift resources from federal government to the states, they contribute to the growing number of states and local government employees.
- Mandates: Rules telling states what they must do to comply with federal guidelines. Unfunded mandates require state and local governments to... [continues]
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