How would you describe Northern Christian Humanists?
-Major goal was the reform of Christianity –cultivated a knowledge of the classics – focused on the sources of early Christianity, the Holy Scriptures and the writings of such church fathers as Augustine, Ambrose, and Jerome. – most important characteristic was its reform program – they felt that through education in the sources of classical, & especially Christian, antiquity, they could instill a true inner piety that would bring about a reform of the church and society. – supported schools by bring new editions of classics, bible etc – belief in the power of education would stay with the society.
What author/thinker describes his work as a utopian society? -
Thomas More ( 1478- 1535 ), proficient in both Latin and Greek, Lord Chancellor of England, intimate friend of Erasmus, wrote poetry in Latin – Most famous work and one of most controversial, Utopia is an imaginary island, reflects More’s concerns with society, presented a new social system, every1 works 9 hours a day no matter what they do, rewarded according to needs, and fame as the proper motivating agents for society. Everyone was free to do wholesome and enriching things.- things will never be perfect until human beings are perfect. 3.
?Why did Northern European humanists study and learn Greek? -Because of the idea of humanism, it influenced their society to study Greek because they studied the classical texts which were mostly in Greek/Latin. (Humanism was a cultural movement that promoted the study of the humanities—the languages, literature, and history of ancient Greece and Rome. ) 4.
Who was the Reformer that laid the egg that Luther hatched? -Erasmus, the most influential of all the Christian humanists ( 1466-1536 ), born in Holland, educated @ schools of the Brothers of the Common Life. -The handbook of the Christian knight (1503), his conception of religion= “the philosophy of Christ”. – Christianity should be guiding for the direction of philosophy not so stressed. – De-emphasized the external forms of religion- 1516 edited new testament and translated into Greek. – “The Praise of the Folly” humorous yet effective criticism of the most corrupt practices of his society, - he did lay the egg for Luther but eventually disapproved of Luther & reformers. – *reform within the church* 5.
Popular religion in late middle ages and renaissance was marked by what? - efforts to do away with traditional beliefs and practices of the Catholic Church 6.
How would you characterize the early life of Martin Luther? -
Unable to achieve personal salvation, in obsession of his own sins and the question of sacraments. 7.
What religious organization included both clergy and laymen? -Calvinism
What religious reformer was burnt at the stake?
The question how can I be saved was answered through good works by what? -
To Luther, faith only, to the Catholic Church, good works and faith 10.
What event led to the break with M.L from the church?
The sale of indulgences by other priests and monks.
What was the purpose of Babylonian continuity of Church? - it attacked the sacramental system of the church
What was the edict of worms?
-called Luther to recant the heretical doctrines he had espoused 13.
How were Luther’s Ideas spread?
-preachers presented Luther’s teachings to city after city, printing press, woodcuts presenting the pope badly, attacking the papal greed, 14.
-greatest challenge for Luther, they wanted to return to good old days, peasants looked to Luther for guidance. Thomas Munzter, inflamed peasants against rules, erupted in June 1524.- Luther told German princes to kill all the peasants they wanted, he knew their support was most important. 15.
How did M.L view the Sacraments of the Catholic Church?
-he only kept two of the 7 sacraments, baptism and the Lord’s supper, he denied transubstantiation, ( bread= flesh, wine=blood ), he...
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