Write an essay that:
* Has an explicitly stated thesis that directly answers the question and DOES NOT simply repeat or rephrases the question. This can be done in a paragraph. * Addresses all parts of the question
* Supports thesis with specific evidence
* Is well organized
Analyze the impact of Renaissance humanism on the following: * Education (Yellow)
* Women (Blue)
* Politics/statecraft (Green)
Consult your textbook, supplemental class notes, and document readings as sources for this answer. Write the answer in your “writer’s notebook”. Try to do this in less than 45 minutes. Due on 9/13/10.
Ch. 13 Free Response Question
The Italian Renaissance witnessed the rebirth of interest in classical antiquity and the beginnings of remarkable changes in many aspects of Italian society. A humanism characterized by a deep interest in the Latin classics and the revival of antiquity emerged. This feature of the Renaissance became known as the “New Learning” or humanism. Humanists studied the Latin classics to learn what they reveal about human nature. Renaissance ideals permeated educational theory and practice and political thought. The culture witnessed a shift in the status of women as well during the Renaissance. The Christian world of the 14th and 15th centuries rediscovered, addressed, and reinterpreted pagan Rome and Greece to create a period where humanism had a substantial impact on education, women, and politics during the Renaissance. A focus on education was one of the central preoccupations of the humanists during the Renaissance. Humanists of the time constantly produced literary pieces, most often in the form of letters, on the structure and goals of education and the training of rulers. In one of the earliest systematic programs for the youth, Peter Paul Vergerio was one of the first humanists to insist on the importance of teaching history, ethics, and public speaking in education. Furthermore, no book on education had a broader influence than Castiglione’s The Courtier. This literary piece was designed to train, discipline, and fashion the young man into the courtly ideal or gentleman. Castiglione wrote that the educated man of the upper class ought to have a broad background in numerous academic subjects and that his spiritual, physical, and intellectual abilities should be refined. The courtier was to be familiar with dance, music and the arts and on top of all of that he should speak and write eloquently. In the 16th and 17th centuries, The Courtier was widely ready and the courtier became the model for the European gentleman. Well off girls received an education similar to that of the boys in Renaissance Italy. The young ladies learned their letter, studied the classics, and some even learned to read/write Latin and Greek. In this way, Renaissance humanism offered a real educational advantage for women. However, although Renaissance women were better educated than Medieval women, their education did not prepare them for ruling and public possitions held by men, but rather for the social functions of the home. An educated woman of the time was supposed to be decorative, meaning that she was supposed to know how to attract artists and intellectuals to her husband’s court, and how to grace her husband’s household. The era’s most noteworthy technological invention, printing with movable type, affected many forms of social life. Within a half century of the publication of Gutenberg’s Bible, moveable type started to bring on radical changes. Printing was beginning to transform both the private and the public lives of Europeans. Governments began using this method for propaganda, or to distribute important information to the pubic quickly. Most importantly, printing stimulated the literacy of laypeople and eventually permeated deeply into their private lives. Early books deal with religious subjects, students, housewives, businessmen. Upper and...