Ap Debating Guide

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The Australia-Asia Debating Guide
Second Edition
Edited by Ray D'Cruz

The Australia-Asia Debating Guide
Second Edition
Edited by Ray D'Cruz

Australia-Asia Debating Guide Second edition - February 2003 Published by the Australian Debating Federation Suite 6, 87-89 Flemington Road North Melbourne, Vic, 3051, Australia Editor: Ray D'Cruz Text by Alan Swanwick, Christopher Erskine, Ray D'Cruz Design: Sophie Campbell Graphic Design ISBN 0-9750546-0-0 There is no copyright in this guide. The Australian Debating Federation wishes that it be freely available. All or part of this guide may be copied for any purpose. It may be translated. The only request is that parts of this guide are not reproduced out of context. There should be no copyright in debate theory. Its contributors are too numerous to mention; they span thousands of years and numerous cultures. An online version of this guide is available from www.dav.com.au. Official copies of the handbook may be purchased from the same website. Please contact Ray D'Cruz (ray@aticus.com) if you require clarification of any part of this guide, or if you would like assistance translating the guide into a language other than English.

Contents
Foreword Chapter 1 – Introduction Chapter 2 – Adjudicating 2.1 Role of the adjudicator 2.2 Functions of the adjudicator (a) Deciding which team has won (b) Explaining reasons for the decision (c) Providing constructive feedback 2.3 The adjudication process Chapter 3 – Matter 3.1 Introduction 3.2 The elements of matter (a) Logic (b) Relevance 3.3 Particular matter issues (a) Rebuttal (b) The onus of proof (c) Taking the audience into account (d) Assessing the quality of arguments (e) Argument by example (f) References to experts (g) New matter from third negative speakers (h) The ‘invalid’ case (i) The ‘hung’ case (j) Humorous arguments 1 3 4 4 4 5 5 6 6 8 8 8 8 8 9 9 9 10 10 10 11 11 12 12 12

Contents
Chapter 4 – Method 4.1 Introduction 4.2 The elements of method (a) Responsiveness (b) Structure 4.3 Particular method issues (a) Under-time and over-time speeches (b) New matter from third negative speakers (c) Overemphasis of method Chapter 5 – Manner 5.1 Introduction 5.2 The elements of manner (a) Body language (b) Vocal style 5.3 Particular manner issues (a) Humour (b) Personal attacks on opponents (c) Dress Chapter 6 – Definitions 6.1 The purposes of the definition (a) Identifying the issues to be debated (b) Clarifying the meaning of words 6.2 Prohibited definitions (a) Definitions without a logical and relevant link to the topic (b) Self-proving or truistic definitions (c) Definitions which time set the debate (d) Definitions which place set the debate unfairly 6.3 Definitional debates (a) The more reasonable definition rule (b) The unreasonable definition rule 6.4 The even-if argument 13 13 14 14 14 17 17 18 18 19 19 21 21 22 23 23 23 23 24 24 24 25 25 25 26 26 26 27 27 27 28

Contents
Chapter 7 – Marking the debate 7.1 Introduction 7.2 Selecting a starting point 7.3 Dividing the points 7.4 Determining the margins Chapter 8 – Reply Speeches 8.1 Introduction 8.2 Particular reply speeches issues (a) Marking (b) Method (c) New matter (d) Points of information Chapter 9 – Points of Information 9.1 Introduction 9.2 Asking a point of information 9.3 Answering a point of information 9.4 Assessing points of information (a) Matter (b) Method (c) Manner 9.5 Chairing the debate Chapter 10 – World Parliamentary Style 10.1 Introduction 10.2 Format 10.3 The onus of proof 10.4 The roles of teams and speakers (a) Opening Government (b) Opening Opposition (c) Closing Government (d) Closing Opposition 29 29 29 30 31 32 32 32 32 33 33 33 34 34 34 35 36 36 36 36 37 38 38 38 39 39 39 40 40 40

Contents
10.5 Particular Worlds Style issues (a) Points of information (b) Role of the adjudicator (c) Panel decisions (d) Marking the debate Chapter 11 – American Parliamentary Style 11.1 Introduction 11.2 Format 11.3 The onus of proof 11.4...
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