Ap Bio Chapter 7

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Chapter 7: Membrane Structure and Function
Concept 7.1 Cellular membranes are fluid mosaics of lipids and proteins 1. The large molecules of all living things fall into just four main classes. Name them.

Explain what is meant when we say a molecule is amphipathic.

3. In the 1960s, the Davson-Danielli model of membrane structure was widely accepted. Describe this model and then cite two lines of evidence that were inconsistent with it.

4. Who proposed the fluid mosaic model of membrane structure? When? Describe this model.

5. What is meant by membrane fluidity? Describe the movements seen in the fluid membrane.

6. Describe how each of the following can affect membrane fluidity: decreasing temperature

phospholipids with unsaturated hydrocarbon chains

cholesterol

7. Membrane proteins are the mosaic part of the model. Describe each of the two main categories:
integral proteins

peripheral proteins

8. Use Figure 7.9 to briefly describe major functions of membrane proteins. Function Description
Transport

Enzymatic activity

Signal transduction

Cell-cell recognition

Intercellular joining

Attachment to cytoskeleton and ECM

9. Membrane carbohydrates are important in cell-cell recognition. What are two examples of this?

Distinguish between glycolipids and glycoproteins.

Label the following structures: glycolipid, glycoprotein, integral protein, peripheral protein, cholesterol, phospholipid, ECM fibers, cytoskeleton microfilaments, integrins (go back to Chapter 6)

Concept 7.2 Membrane structure results in selective permeability Distinguish between channel proteins and carrier proteins.

Are transport proteins specific? Cite an example that supports your response.

14. Peter Agre received the Nobel Prize in 2003 for the discovery of aquaporins. What are they?

15. Consider the following materials that must cross the membrane. For each, tell how it is accomplished.

|Material |Method | |CO2 | | |Glucose | | |H+ | | |O2 | | |H2O | |

Concept 7.3 Passive transport is diffusion of a substance across a membrane with no energy investment 16. Define the following terms:
diffusion

concentration gradient

passive transport

osmosis

isotonic

hypertonic

hypotonic

turgid

flaccid

plasmolysis

17. Use as many words from the list above to describe why a carrot left on the counter overnight would become limp. Underline each word you use.

What is facilitated diffusion? Is it active or passive? Cite two examples.

Label the hypotonic solution, isotonic solution, and hypertonic solution. What is indicated by the blue arrows? Label them. Which cell is lysed? Turgid? Flaccid? Plasmolyzed? Apply all these labels.

Why doesn’t the plant cell burst?

Concept 7.4 Active transport uses energy to move solutes against their gradients 21. Describe active transport. What type of transport proteins are involved, and what is the role of ATP in the process?

The sodium-potassium pump is an important system for you to know. Use the following diagram to understand how it works. Use the following terms to label these figures, and briefly summarize what is...
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