Ap American History Presidents Charts

Only available on StudyMode
  • Download(s) : 672
  • Published : July 25, 2012
Open Document
Text Preview
AP US History Presidental Review

Washington(1789-1797)

Judiciary Act of 1749Supreme court used right to declare a law unconstitutional

Whiskey Rebelliontaxed whiskey- excise tax on whiskey of the westerners- tax used to centralize and fund National debt

Roles of Jefferson, Madison and HamiltonJefferson- Secretary of State
Hamilton- Secretary of Treasury
Madison- Presidental advisor and friend

French RevolutionPeriod of radical social and political upheaval in French/Europe history- old hierarchy of monarchs gave way to Citizenship and rights- Time of Enlightenment

Neutrality ProclamationPresident made proclamation-the US stays neutral in conflict between France and Great Britain- as to not go to war

Citizen GenetEdmond-Charles Genêt- French ambassador to US during French revolution

Tensions with Britain and Jay’s treaty 1796Treaty between US and Great Britain- Credited with averting war – increased trade between countries

Tensions with Spain- Pinckney’s Treaty 1796Established friendship between US and Spain- Defined boundries with Spanish colonies- Guaranteed navigation rights on the Mississippi River for US

Problems with Indians- Battle of Fallen Timbers 1794 of Greenville 1795final battle in the NW Indian War. Struggle between American Indians and US for control of NW Territory- Victory for US

Precedents that Washington set for the presidency1-Neutrality in Foreign Affairs
2- 2-Term Presidency
3- Use of force to enforce the law (Whickey Rebellion)
4- Calling in the Cabinet for Advice
5- How to address President “Mr. President”
6-inauguration
7- inaugral speech

Farewell addressWritten to” The People of the United States” when he resigned after 2nd term

Adams (1796 – 1801)

Problems with FranceFrance seizing US ships- Adams tried to resolve by sending diplomats to talk to French foreign affairs director

XYZ affairevent that strained relations between France and US- lead to QuasiWar- French agents demanded major concessions from US to continue peace engotiations

Quasi War with France (1798-1800)Undeclared Naval war (fought by sea mostly) between France and US

Alien and Alien Enemies ActAlien Act- deports aliens “dangerous to peace & safety of US:” during peacetime
Alien Enemies Act- allowed in wartime arrest, imprisonment & deportation of aliens to enemy powers

Sedition Actany treasonable act, high misdemeanor and punishable by fine and imprisonment Naturalization Actsrequires aliens to be residents for 14 yrs instead of 5 yrs before eligible for US citizenship

Reaction of Republicans- Virginia and Kentucky ResolutionsRepublicans said Alien/Sedition act was unconstitutional. States had right to declare unconstitutional acts by congress that were not authorized by Constitution

Gabriel’s Rebellion (1800)Gabriel Prosser-enslaved blacksmith who was going to lead rebellion in VA- never happened, info leaked, Gabriel and 25 others hanged-

Election of 1800VP Thomas Jefferson defeated incumbent John Adams- Ushered in Democratic/Republican rule and Federalist party removed

“Midnight Judges”effort to resolve issue with Judges”riding the circuit”. Separated Supreme Court from Circuit Court judges

Thomas Jefferson (1801-1809)

Election of “revolution” of 1800VP Thomas Jefferson defeated incumbent John Adams- Ushered in democratic/Republican rule and federalist party removed Twelfth Amendmentprocedure for electing President and Vice President- established how Electoral College functions

Lousiiana Purchase (1803)US acquired 828,800 sq acres of land from France territory- Jefferson received opposition to decision to purchase- did anyway due to uneasy feeling that France/Spain would have power to block trade...
tracking img