Ap American History Frq - How Did Religion Influence the New England and Mid-Atlantic Colonies in the 18th Century

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New England was settled by English Puritans, mostly Congregationalists, in the 1620s. It was held together by its common religion, which gave the region stability in its early years. Contrastingly, the mid-Atlantic colonies were made up of a variety of different religious groups, including Lutherans, Catholics, Jews, Congregationalists, and Quakers in Pennsylvania. During the Great Awakening of the 1730s, the influence of older forms of Protestantism, especially Calvinism, increased dramatically throughout both regions. Until 1740, religion mainly united the New England region, while it mostly divided the mid-Atlantic region until the first Great Awakening. New England was founded by a group of Puritan Congregationalists who were originally from England, but who had moved to Holland to avoid religious persecution. Once they sailed to America and settled Plymouth and the Massachusetts Bay Colony, they set up governments based on their religious ideals, including stability, order, and equality among men. The Puritans who migrated in 1629 and established Massachusetts Bay were intent on building a better society in America based on their reformed version of the Anglican Church. They did not want to abandon the Church of England, just remove all corruption and make it an example for the rest of the world. This influenced their society in America, especially through their first governor, John Winthrop. He was determined that the Massachusetts Bay society set an example for the world. He said, “We shall be as a city on a hill,” meaning that everyone else will see their society and want to be like them. This desire stemmed from the Puritan religion, which influenced New England society greatly to 1740. Most of the mid-Atlantic colonies were a mosaic of ethnicities and religion. New Netherlands, the area that is now New York, was settled by the Dutch West India Company in 1624. It attracted many people, including Dutch, Belgians, French, English, Portuguese,...
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