Anxiety Essay

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Stanley Schachter - Anxiety

In 1959, psychologist Stanely Schachter decided to test the old saying "Misery loves company", to determine how people feel when they're anxious, or who they prefer to have around, etc. Stanley quoted, "In distressful situations, people tend to seek out other who are under similar circumstances." This hypothesis of this experiment was, growth in anxiety would cause increase in the "need for affiliation," or desire to be around others. Schachter's experiment was created to manipulate college students and discover their anxiety level, also known as the independent variable for this method. The measure of desire to affiliate with others was the dependent variable. Reflecting on Stanely's hypothesis, this curious process gathered college students into his laboratory to partake a series of shocks, which determined the physiological effects of anxiety. In order to discover various levels of anxiety, Dr. Zilstein selected and informed half of the students to experience rather hurtful shocks, for the high - anxiety group and light shocks, for the low- anxiety group. Relating to the curiosity of Stanley Schachter, the participants were questioned whether they would prefer to have company while getting shocked or left alone, secretly nobody was ever shocked. After demonstrating the planned method, Schachter proved results showing that the percentage of people who wanted to wait with others was twice as high in the high - anxiety, experimental group as in the low- anxiety, control group. These results were important to psychology because during the 1900's, not much was discovered about these conditions relating to the "need for affiliation." I can conclude from Stanley Schachter's experiment that anxiety does increase the desire to affiliate. Anxiety has variously been considered as a phenomenal state of human organism, as a physiological syndrome, and a symptom for defensive behavior. "Emotion...
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