Research Paper: Anxiety Disorders
Anxiety Disorders are characterized by many symptoms and often associated with depressive tendencies. Although the majority are produced in a person based off of their genetic material, other influences exist environmentally that can encourage or discourage the severity of the symptoms and prognosis it has on one’s overall well-being. Early diagnosis and a systematic combination of treatments can help reduce the tensions and encourage a more normal life than what was previously experienced by the person with the disorder.
Anxiety is a normal part of the human process that involves a reaction to adverse reaction due to a stressor. This becomes a disorder when the anxiety induced is “abnormally severe, unduly prolonged, occur in the absence of stress, and are associated with impairment of physical, social or occupational functioning” (Ajel, Baldwin, & Garner, 2008). Anxiety Disorders are more prevalent in society than most would expect. The most occurring ones are panic disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, social anxiety disorder and obsessive compulsive disorder. There are several sources that these disorders stem from but the majority is characterized by a biological basis, while others exist as symptoms of brain damage. Anxiety Disorders are encouraged or brought to surface by environmental factors as well. Psychological and pharmacological treatment is necessary especially when the normal functioning of daily life is impaired (2008). Panic Disorder
Panic disorders are seen in people who have periodic episodes that consist of shortness of breath, sweating, irregular heartbeat, chest pain, lightheadedness and thoughts of being in a seriously debilitating situation. Women tend to be twice as likely as men to suffer from this disorder (Carlson, 2011). Like other Anxiety Disorders, people who experience this type, often reach out to emergency care because they feel as if they are experiencing a death-like situation because the timeframe is normally 30-40 minutes (Ajel, 2008). This type of disorder usually does not have a specific trigger; rather, people who suffer from this are plagued with a persistent fear that another attack may occur. The person’s fear is that a panic attack causes feelings of helplessness and a loss of self-control which they dread experiencing (Fleming & O’brien, 2012). Studies have looked into the possibility that this fear also has a social correlation. Therefore, a person with panic disorder may not want to leave their home because they worry that they will have another attack and do not want to be embarrassed or unable to escape. The term agoraphobia has been coined to describe this fear that is provoked from panic disorder (2008). Generalized Anxiety Disorder
This type of Anxiety Disorder is unlike panic disorder not only in its symptoms but because it is one of the most prevalent of the disorders even though it is rarely treated or diagnosed in most people that suffer from it (Fleming, 2012). Because a person with generalized anxiety disorders often displays similar symptoms as someone with a depressive linked illness, it is difficult to distinguish between the two. This may be why psychoanalysis postulates that the two disorders occur simultaneously (Ajel, 2008). It is important that questions are asked related to depressive tendencies in order to attempt to distinguish between the two as thoroughly as possible. As previously mentioned, anxiety is something that is experienced by many during stressful situations; however it becomes a disorder when there is a long period of chronic anxiety about multiple things that are functioning perfectly normal in a person’s life. Generalized anxiety disorder concentrates predominantly on concerns related to their work, family and health (Barone, Elsasser & Kavan, 2009). These fears cause acute stress because of...
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