Tragedy, the first form of oral plays is a form of fiction, nor does it seem like it could be real. Tragedy was invented in Athens around 500 BCE. These seasonal festival days were planned a year in advance. Tragedy’s ultimate goal is to arouse the audience's emotions of pity and fear in a way that releases one’s feelings in order to provide relief. This purging is called katharsis. Greek Tragedy also strives to examine the nature or absence of divine justice, and the role of humankind in the universe (Sacks). Tragedy shows men celebrating man with phallic costumes and amazing masks. The government sponsored the festival days in spring and fall. These events were male-only activities with women not allowed to take part or watch.
Another feature that distinguished tragedy from comedy was the Chorus, consisting of twelve to fifty members. The chorus participated in singing, dancing, and critiquing throughout the play, a major distinguishing aspect of Greek tragedy. To... [continues]
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