Antigone Essay

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I strongly agree with the statement “there is no literature without conflict”. It applies well to the play Antigone by Jean Anouilh. The most significant conflict exists between Antigone and Creon the king. Despite this major conflict, there is also another minor conflict between Antigone and Ismene. Conflicts do not have to be between two people. A good example would be whether or not to obey the law, when Antigone decides whether she should take the risk and try to bury her deceased brothers. In Creon’s point of view, he has to have a conflict to make up his mind whether or not, and how Antigone will be punished after she violates his command. All these conflicts contribute the play a central idea and provide the play with a clear plot. In this case, the whole play is aimed to finish and settle all these conflicts. They provide the play a raise in tension and a climax. Let us first look at the conflict between Antigone and Creon the king. The relationship between Antigone and Creon is not simply an uncle and niece relationship. Since Antigone and Creon share the same mother, Antigone definitely has a prejudice on her unwanted birth. Moreover, Creon the uncle only became the king because all the sons of Oedipus have died. Instead of saying it is a conflict between Creon and Antigone I rather say it as a conflict of morality and the law, or one versus state. As we know, the only thing that Antigone wants is to bury her brothers who killed in war years ago, this is no more than basic morality and respect to the dead. However, one of the brothers who helped another country in the war was regarded as a traitor by Creon the king and is thus banned from being buried. By having such a simple conflict, great tension is created from the beginning of the play when Antigone showed her rebellious side when talking to the nurse. By introducing and surrounding this one big conflict, it helps to emphasize the theme of the play – one versus state. We can see Antigone as the...
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