counselling settling to work with the particular client in which the case study focuses on. The different approaches will describe the key elements; identify the differences between the theories.
One approach as a counsellor that would be used would be person centred theory. This theory was created by Carl Rogers Carl Rogers (1902-1987) was a humanistic psychologist agreed with most of what Maslow believed, but added that for a person to "grow", they need an environment that provides them with genuineness (openness and self-disclosure), acceptance (being seen with unconditional positive regard), and empathy (being listened to and understood).
Rogers believed everyone has sufficient innate resources to deal effectively with life. When working with Jane as a person centred counsellor, the counsellor would recognise that Jane has an actualising tenancy as do all people this is a positive tendency for growth and change in which people have self determination to achieve full potential. When functioning in a healthy and unconditional state enables the individual to grow and fulfil potential this is one of the main principles of person centred theory. This theory is client lead and focus’s significantly on the counsellor/ client relationship. It is non- directive In order for a effective relationship between the counsellor and Jane Rogers believed the 6 conditions needs to be present 1-
two persons are in psychological contact
the first which shall be referred to as the client is in a state of incongruence 3-
second person –the counsellor is congruent
therapist experiences an unconditional positive regard for the client 5-
The therapist experiences an empathic understanding of the client’s internal frame of reference and endeavours to communicate this experience to the client. 6-The communication to the client of the therapist’s empathic understanding and unconditional positive regard is to a minimal degree achieved. 3, 4 and 5 are the core...
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