Major Sub-fields of Anthropology
Anthropology is the study of humans in a whole or everything, all aspects of humanity. The term anthropology derived from the Greek word anthropos, “man” and “discourse” or “study” and was first used in 1501 by german philosopher Magnus Hundt. It is considered a fulfilled discipline. Its basic concerns are what defines homo sapiens?, who are the ancestors of modern homo sapiens?, what are humans physical traits?, why is there variations and differences among different groups of humans?, and how we have evolved over time?. Anthropology is divided into four sub-fields, cultural anthropology, archaeology, linguistic anthropology, and physical anthropology.
Cultural anthropology is the study of human culture and society. It helps you understand how people live, traditions, customs, culture, religion, kinship styles, rules of heredity, politics, how humans govern themselves, how they interact, and how that influences their culture. cultural anthropology is also called socio-cultural anthropology or social anthropology. The study of culture is mainly based on Ethnography. Ethnography is a research technique used in field work it can refer to both a methodology and a product of research. Ethnology involves a comparison of different cultures. This is through a process of participant observation that helps to understanding a culture from a personal experience and point of view. This cannot be done by simply just reading from a book it requires lots of time, patience, and vast skills related with cultural behavior.
Archaeology anthropology is the study of human past through findings and material remains or artifacts. Archaeologists typically take care of the digs or excavation of layers of ancient sites, they work closely with physical anthropologists, art historians, physics laboratories for dating, and museums. They are in charge of preserving the results of their excavations that are often found in museums. Archaeologists also...
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