Antebellum, Culture, and Reform

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OP Chapter 12: Antebellum Culture and Reform
Section: The Romantic Impulse
1. 2. 3. 4.
6. 7. 8.
5.
Section: Remaking Society
9. 10. 11. 12.
13. 14. 15. 16.
Section: The Crusade against Slavery
17. 18. 19. 20. 21.

1. The first great school of American painters emerged in New York; Frederic Church, Thomas Cole, Thomas Doughty, and Asher Durand- which they also painted the spectacular vistas of the rugged and still largely unsettled Hudson Valley. 2. The first great American novelist who was known for adventure, suspense, and American wilderness was James Fenimore Cooper. 3. Southern novelists of the 1830’s produced historical romances or romantic eulogies of the plantation system of the upper south. 4. One of the outstanding expressions of the romantic impulse in America came from a group of New England writers and philosophers were known as the Transcendentalists. 5. Nature was a source of deep personal human inspiration to many individuals. 6. Egotism, Nathaniel Hawthorne claimed was the “serpent” that lay at the heart of human misery. 7. One of the principal concerns of the new utopian communities was the relationship between men and women, transcendentalism and other movements of this period fostered expression of a kind of feminism that would not gain a secure foothold in American society until the late 20th century. 8. A new and more ordered society within the old was that of the church of Jesus Christ of latter day saints were the Mormons. 9. Charles Grandison Finney helped launched a series of passionate revivals in towns along the Eerie Canal; so prone to religious awakenings it became known as the “burned-over district”. 10. Alcoholism was a more serious problem in antebellum America than it had been in the twentieth century. 11. After the threats of cholera epidemics of the 1830’s and 1840’s, threats to public health were critical to the sense of insecurity that underlay many reform...
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