Ms. Vibhuti Walia
Reg id- 11003351
Roll no- RK6005B34
I am deeply indebted to Ms.Vibhuti Walia, our Chemistry faculty without
whose constructive guidance this term paper would not have been a success.
Her valuable advice and suggestions for the corrections, modifications and
improvement did enhance the perfection in performing my job well.
I am obliged to Lovely Proffesional University for providing the best of
facilities and environment to bring out our innovation and spirit of inquiry
through this venture.
Last but not the least I thank all My Friends and Section Mates, without their
prompt support my efforts would have been in vain.
Table of content
4. Mechanism of reaction
6. Types of antacids
7. Different antacids
8. Side effects
9. Nursing implifications
Abstract of the work under taken
Antacids are medicines that neutralize stomach acid. They are used to relieve acid indigestion, upset stomach, sour stomach, and heartburn.
Antacids are taken by mouth and work by neutralizing excess stomach acid. They contain ingredients such as aluminum hydroxide, calcium carbonate, magnesium hydroxide, and sodium bicarbonate, alone or in various combinations. Antacid products may also contain other ingredients such as simethicone, which relieves gas.
Antacids differ in how quickly they work and how long they provide relief. Those that dissolve rapidly in the stomach, such as magnesium hydroxide and sodium bicarbonate, bring the fastest relief. Antacids that contain calcium carbonate or aluminum dissolve more slowly and can take up to 30 minutes to begin working. The longer an antacid stays in the stomach, the longer it works. Those that contain calcium carbonate or aluminum work longer than those that contain sodium bicarbonate or magnesium. Also, taking any kind of antacid after a meal, instead of on an empty stomach, provides longer-lasting relief because the medicine stays in the stomach.
Among the brands of antacid products on the market are Alka-Seltzer, Maalox, Mylanta, Tums, and Rolaids. Generic forms are also available. These products can be bought without a prescription and come in tablet (regular and chewable), lozenge, and liquid forms.
Antacids are meant to be used only occasionally. They should not be taken continuously for more than two weeks unless under a physician's directions. Taking antacids over long periods could mask the symptoms of a serious stomach or intestinal problem, such as peptic ulcer disease. Older people should be especially careful, as they may have ulcers without showing the typical symptoms.
If any signs of appendicitis or inflamed bowel are present, antacids should not be taken. Symptoms of appendicitis include cramping, pain, and soreness in the lower abdomen, bloating, and nausea and vomiting.
Anyone whose symptoms do not improve after taking antacids or who has black, tarry stools should call a physician. These symptoms could be signs of a serious condition that needs medical attention.
Antacids may interact with many other medicines. When this happens, the effects of one or both drugs may change, or the risk of side effects may be greater. Anyone taking a prescription drug should check with his or her physician before taking antacids. Antacids may affect the results of some medical tests.
Side effects are very...