Part Two: Learning about the Contents of the US Constitution
Assignment Information: The US Constitution provides the framework of the US government. Since 1789, the document has been formally changed 27 times. People debate the meaning and interpretation of the Constitution, causing conflict among different groups. You are responsible for learning and knowing the information below in order to comprehend how the US government is supposed to work.
(1) Read the US Constitution and complete the following questions.
- A great resource: http://ratify.constitutioncenter.org/constitution/ 1. Read each article of the Constitution. Summarize the general purpose or subject of each article in 10 words or less. Article I
This article explains power of the legislative branch in government. Article II
This article states power in President or executive branch.
This article explains the duty of the judicial branch.
This article explains the laws of the states in America.
Explains that amendments have to be passed by Congress.
Constitution is the supreme law and authority must swear by it. Article VII
Constitution was finalized and laws were agreed or disagreed on.
2. Eligibility Requirements:
List the Constitutional Qualifications to Hold this Office
Member in the House of Representatives
Must be at least 25.
Be a resident of state wanting to represent.
Be citizen of the US for 7 years.
Must be at least 30.
Must have been citizen of US for nine years.
Resident of state wanted to represent.
President (and Vice President)
Natural born US citizen.
At least 35.
Supreme Court Justice
Not specific qualifications but you do have to be trained in law.
3. The powers of the Constitution that are specifically granted to the branches of government or to officeholders are called expressed (enumerated) powers.
a. Identify two expressed powers of the president.
Commission officers of the armed forces.
b. Identify two expressed powers of the vice president.
President of the Senate.
Makes vote in the Senate when there is a tie.
c. Identify two expressed powers of Congress.
To coin money.
4. According to the principle of checks and balances, each branch of the government must have control over the other branches. Look at the first three articles of the Constitution and identify one of each type of checks and balances.
a. List a power that the executive branch has over the legislative branch: Executive branch can veto laws made by legislative branch.
b. List a power that the executive branch holds over the judicial branch: Power to grant reprieves and pardons for offenses against the United States.
c. List a power that the legislative branch holds over the executive branch: Can override a presidential veto.
d. List a power that the legislative branch holds over the executive branch: Senate can conduct trial for president after the house impeaches him/her.
5. According to Article I of the Constitution, who has the power to declare war? Congress has the right to declare war.
6. What power does the Constitution give the president in the area of war? The president is the commander in chief of the Army and Navy of the United States.
The Constitution requires a simple majority for some actions and a supermajority for others. A simple majority means more than half, while supermajority requirements can involve a 2/3 majority or a 3/4 majority. Most elections in the United States require a plurality, or the most votes, but not necessarily a majority.
a. What bodies have the power to override a presidential veto?...
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