Answer Booklet Judaism

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Significant People and Ideas * the contribution to Judaism of ONE significant person or school of thought, other than Abraham or Moses, drawn from: * Isaiah * Hillel (and Shamai) * Beruriah * Rabbi Solomon Isaac (Rashi) * Moses Maimonides * Kabbalah * The Hassidim * Moses Mendelssohn * Abraham Geiger * Rabbi Isaac Abraham Hacohen Kook (Rav Kook) * Jewish Feminism * another person or school of thought significant to Judaism * the effect of that person OR school of thought on JudaismEthics * ONE of the following areas of ethical teaching in Judaism: * bioethics * environmental ethics * sexual ethicsSignificant practices in the life of adherents * ONE significant practice within Judaism drawn from: * death and mourning * marriage * Synagogue services| * explain the contribution to the development and expression of Judaism of ONE significant person OR school of thought, other than Abraham or Moses, drawn from: * Isaiah * Hillel (and Shamai) * Beruriah * Rabbi Solomon Isaac (Rashi) * Moses Maimonides * Kabbalah * The Hassidim * Moses Mendelssohn * Abraham Geiger * Rabbi Isaac Abraham Hacohen Kook (Rav Kook) * Jewish Feminism * another person or school of thought significant to Judaism * analyse the impact of this person OR school of thought on Judaism * describe and explain Jewish ethical teachings on bioethics OR environmental ethics OR sexual ethics * describe ONE significant practice within Judaism drawn from: * death and mourning * marriage * Synagogue services * demonstrate how this practice expresses the beliefs of Judaism * analyse the significance of this practice for both the individual and the Jewish community|

Judaism is the belief, religion and religious culture of the Jewish people. It is one of the world's oldest monotheistic beliefs and has continued almost without change for thousands of years. While the number of believers is not as large as the other major world religions, Judaism is important because not only the history but also many of the basic beliefs are part of the history and basic beliefs of two other major world religions: Christianity and Islam. All three of these religions are grouped to make the Semitic religions, sometimes called Abrahamic because of the importance of Abraham in the history of each. When Abram was ninety-nine years old, the Lord appeared to him and said, 'I am God Almighty; walk before me and be blameless. I will confirm my covenant between me and you and will greatly increase your numbers.' Abram fell face down, and God said to him, 'As for me, this is my covenant with you: You will be the father of many nations. No longer will you be called Abram; your name will be Abraham, for I have made you a father of many nations.' Genesis 17:1-5

The quote above is from a version of the Bible used by Christians. It is from the Book of Genesis which is also part of the Torah or teaching used by Jews. The story of Abraham is one of the most pivotal in the history of Judaism, Christianity and Islam. Each of the three Semitic religions (called so because they are all descended from Shem, a son of Noah) is connected to the contract or covenant made between God and Abraham. The contract promised Abraham and his descendants a long and fruitful life blessed by God. In response, Abraham and his descendants had to worship the one God and follow his instructions. According to the Holy writings of Christianity and Islam, Jesus was a descendant of Abraham through Isaac and Muhammad was a descendant through Ishmael. Jews have been in Australia since the First Fleet. There were at least 14 Jews in that first influx and while there were many initial problems (only marriages in the Anglican Church could be legitimate and children of mixed marriages were considered illegitimate) the numbers grew steadily. Currently there are 100 000...
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