anorexia and bulimia

Anorexia nervosa, Psychotherapy, Cognitive behavioral therapy

Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia Nervosa
The most common eating disorders in the world are anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa. They are serious eating disorders that can cause extreme harm to an individual, including death. Anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa are two different types of eating disorders, but share many commonalities and differences when it comes to causes, signs and symptoms, and treatment options that are available.

Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder that makes people lose more weight than is considered healthy for their height and age. The patient has an intense fear of gaining weight or becoming fat even though they are underweight (“What is Anorexia Nervosa?” par. 1). The patient is in denial about the seriousness of their low body weight. People with anorexia nervosa may have also had an anxiety disorder as a child and may also have the desire to be perfect. Anorexia nervosa is found mostly in females, but can also be seen in males as well. According to A.D.A.M Medical Encyclopedia, “anorexia nervosa is seen mainly in white women who are high achievers in school and who have a goal-oriented family or personality” (“Anorexia Nervosa” par. 6). Anorexia nervosa often occurs in the pre-teen and teenage years and is the third most common chronic illness in teenagers (“What is Anorexia Nervosa?” par. 8). About forty percent of people with anorexia nervosa will later develop bulimia nervosa.

As with anorexia nervosa, people with bulimia nervosa often use their eating behaviors and habits as a means of coping with emotional stress and typically have an irrational fear of becoming fat (“What is Bulimia Nervosa?” par. 9). Some people with bulimia nervosa have low self-esteem and see the disorder as a way of enhancing their self-worth. Bulimia nervosa is a serious eating disorder in which the person binge-eats and then feels the need to compensate for the behavior by over-exercising or purging (“What is Bulimia Nervosa?” par. 1). People who are...
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