What is The Anointing of the Sick?
Is a Sacrament of the Catholic Church that is administered to Catholic members who are sick or in danger of death. The sacrament is also referred to in Latin as Unction, and in the past as Extreme Unction, and is one of the three sacraments that make up the rituals known as the ” Last Rites ”. The sacrament is administered by a priest, who uses olive oil or another pure plant oil to bless (anoint) the patient on forehead and hands while reciting certain prayers. The anointing is believed to forgive the patient's sins and strengthen his or her soul to face the spiritual and physical challenges of the condition. Relationship with the Last rites
Anointing of the Sick is closely associated with, and often administered during the rituals known as the Last Rites. However, the term "Last Rites" is not equivalent to "Anointing of the Sick", since it refers also to two other distinct rites: Sacrament of Penance and Eucharist, the last of which is known as "Viaticum" (Latin:"provision for the journey") when administered to the dying. The normal order of administration of the rites is: first Penance (if the dying person is physically unable to confess, absolution is given conditionally on the existence of contrition), then Anointing, then Viaticum. It is important to note that during the Last Rites only a priest or bishop can administer the Sacraments of Penance and Anointing of the Sick. However, in the absence of a priest, these sacraments may be omitted and a lay person may be distribute the Viatcum to a patient. The Receiver of the Sacrament.
Following this biblical understanding, the Catechism of the Catholic Church notes that. The Anointing of the Sick "is not a sacrament for those only who are at the point of death. Hence, as soon as anyone of the faithful begins to be in danger of death from sickness or old age, the fitting time for him to receive this sacrament has certainly already arrived.“ When in doubt, priests should err on the side of caution and provide the sacrament to the faithful who request it. Minister of the Sacrament
In the Roman Catholic Code of Canon Law, Canon 1004 indicates succinctly who may receive the sacrament: "The anointing of the sick can be administered to any member of the faithful who, having reached the use of reason, begins to be in danger by reason of illness or old age." When new illness develops or first illness relapses or worsens, the patient may receive the sacrament a further time. Anointing of the Sick may also be given numerous times in the case of old age or chronic illness based on the "pastoral judgment of the priest" . The sacrament of anointing can be administered to an individual whether at home, in a hospital or institution, or in church. Several sick persons may be anointed within the rite, especially if the celebration takes place in a church or hospital. The celebration may also take place during a Catholic Mass. Only priests (including bishops) can administer the Sacrament of the Anointing of the Sick, since, when the sacrament was instituted during Christ's sending out of His disciples, it was confined to the men who would become the original bishops of the Church. Biblical foundation of the Anointing of the Sick
The healing scriptures below give examples of where the Bible supports “Anointing of the sick” and “Laying on of Hands” as being biblically appropriate for ministering to the sick. Mark 6:13 “And they cast out many devils, and anointed with oil many that were sick, and healed them.” Mark 16:17-18 “And these signs shall follow them that believe; In my name shall they cast out devils; they shall speak with new tongues; They shall take up serpents; and if they drink any deadly thing, it shall not hurt them; they shall lay hands on the sick, and they shall recover” Luke 4:40 “Now when the sun was setting, all they that had any sick with divers diseases brought them...