During the Civil War period, there were two important declarations. One is the “ Homestead Act”, the other one is the “ Emancipation Proclamation”. President Lincoln Abraham issued an important document on September 22, 1862. This document announced some key points that come following. First of all, that since January 1, 1863, the rebel states of the South, the black salves would become forever free. Second, eligible persons who were slaves before, though, could join the army. Third, for the southern parts which did not take part in the rebellion, still upon the congressional resolution in April 1862, voluntary, gradual measures would be taken place to liberate of the slaves; and forth, for the slaves who run away, just considered their masters taking part in rebellion or not, then decided help them extradite or not. These main points seemed to announce the judgment among that period.
Well, in my own point of view, I think this document is really worthy of my further inquiry, because this document influenced the American history a lot. It is the key role that turned things right for the North people, and gained slaveries’ hearts of the
South, then helped the North people beat against the South, and finally build up the new social system, the capitalist society.
The Civil War lasted for 4 years, and the United States faced its greatest crisis to that time. The northern and southern states had become less and less alike, such as socially, economically, politically and so on. The North had become increasingly industrial and commercial while the South had remained largely agricultural. Northerners generally wanted to limit the spread of slavery; some wanted to abolish it altogether. Southerners generally wanted to maintain and even expand the institution. Then the slavery became the main problem of a political crisis....