Annotated Bibliography: Workplace Absenteeism or Anxiety and Depression

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Table of Contents

1. Cover Page ….………………………………………………………… 1

2. Introduction ….………………………………………………………… 3

3. Outline of search …………………….………………………………… 5

4. My Preliminary Question …………………………………………… . 8

5. A List of Key Terms & Definitions ………………………………….. 9

6. Annotated Bibliography ……………………………………………….12

a. List of 6 (Best) ………………………………………………………12

b. List of 2 (Non-research based)……………………………………24

c. List of 2 (Irrelevant) ………………………………………………...27

7. Conclusion …………………………………….…………………………28

8. References / Bibliography ………………………….…………………30

Introduction

The topics for this individual assignment are:

Workplace absenteeism OR Anxiety and depression in the workplace.

Workplace absenteeism can be defined as “an individual’s lack of physical presence at a given location and time when there is a social expectation for him or her to be there” (Martocchio and Harrison, 1993: 263).

On the other hand, stress in the workplace causes mental health problems especially, anxiety and depression. Generally, anxiety can lead to avoidance. Job anxiety can be an explanation of for sick leave, work absenteeism, or early retirement. Consider the Japanese concept of ‘Karoshi’ – “death from overwork”.

However, I chose to write on workplace absenteeism as I was familiar with the issues of absenteeism and its converse workplace attendance in my own organization in Singapore. The other topic is much too depressing to even research, read and write. Then there are numerous underlying implications of anxiety and depression.

Absenteeism is a very fundamental issue that affects any organization in this 21st century. In the last 35 years or so, scientists have researched and proven that absenteeism has wide ranging repercussions in the workplace, and is a complex problem, and, is increasingly costing millions of dollars every year.

The introduction of absence management cannot be taken lightly. Organizations around the world are struggling to find ways to do more with less and to stay afloat against the current, bleak economic backdrop. Expensive and comprehensive research works have suggested that there is a need to manage employees to reduce the rate of absenteeism and at the same time, to save money for the organization.

The trend is to focus on optimizing the human element of any business by engaging the employees and managing as an inclusive organization with diversity. Engaged employees are more productive in their work with fewer accidents, and less likely to be habitually absent. They are also very innovative, creative and positive minded in an inclusive organization – an environment where employees feel a belonging that their differences are respected and valued. Hence, the employees become more engaging and productivity levels increasing. These researches have shown that there are urgent needs to get all employees engaged in an inclusive and diversifying environment.

Outline of Search

The search begins……….

On the onset of the Assignment, I had to do the very basic legwork of finding out what an annotated bibliography is. This would be my first attempt at such a piece of work. Upon reading the assessment details in the Unit Guide, I started using the Murdoch University library and databases to research on the topic. I also used the Google highway including the Google Scholar search machine.

Some of the keywords that I used in my search are
1. workplace absenteeism, absenteeism
2. withdrawal behaviors
3. job performance
4. absence management
5. job satisfaction and absenteeism
6. work attendance
7. workplace misbehavior
8. employee absence
9. employee presenteeism
10. Burnout, stress, inclusiveness, well being, health, alcohol and drug abuse 11. Diversity and Inclusiveness in Singapore
12. Workplace absenteeism in Australia
13. Employee engagement

To refine my search, I...
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