Annotated Bibliography on how children are affected when their parents divorce

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Divorce: How are the Children Affected?

Amato, Paul R. "Life-Span Adjustment of Children to Their Parents' Divorce." The Future of Children. 1994. http://www.futureofchildren.org/information2826/ information_show.htm?doc_id=75582.

The general differences among children from divorced and intact families are small. How a child reacts to their parents divorce is an indicator on whether or not the child will experience the typical problems of the offspring of divorced parents. How a child will adjust to their parents' divorce depends on a number of factors. The quantity and quality of contact with the parent who does not have custody, the parent's who does have custody parenting skills, the amount of conflict before and after divorce, and the amount of economic hardship a child witnesses, all effect the child. These causes can be utilized to determine the impact of divorce. Therefore, after the results are found, through the help of psychiatrists, divorced parents can help prevent a problem from affecting the child for the rest of their life. From this source I learned even though a child has no control over a parent's divorce, the child, and parents, can take control of the child's life in order that the child is not scarred for life.

Amato, Paul R. and Jacob Cheadle. "The Long Reach of Divorce: Divorce and Child Well-Being Across Three Generations." Journal of Marriage and Family. 67(1): 191-205.

When two parents become divorced, the children are not the only ones to be affected. This study shows the third generation has the same problems from a first generation divorce, despite the fact the third generation is not around to experience the divorce. A parental divorce raises the probability of adulthood problems. When comparing two groups, one of adults with continuously married parents and the other of adults with divorced parents, the group of adults with divorced parents tended to have less education, a smaller income, weaker relations with their parents, and more marital problems. The study also showed these results had nothing to do on the gender of the person who experienced a divorce between their parents. Through other analyses, the research confirmed the effects of parental divorce do not become weaker over time. Divorce has penalties for all following generations. From this source I learned that my siblings and I could be affected by the divorce of my great-grandparents.

Doyle, Anna Beth and Dorothy Markiewicz. "Parenting, Marital Conflict and Adjustment From Early- to Mid-Adolescence: Mediated by Adolescent Attachment Style?" Journal of Youth and Adolescence. 34(2): 97-109.

The way a mother or father raises their child completely influences that child for the rest of their life. A study was conducted to determine how marital problems affected school grades, self-esteem, and the internalization or externalization of problems. The analysis showed when parents experience marital troubles the child's education was hurt. The child received lower grades. Their self-esteem dropped. The child also began to externalize their problems more. They had problems trusting others and becoming close to others. When the parents used some sort of mediation to help resolve problems, the child benefited as well. There showed to be an increase in self-esteem over time. Children of parents who worked issues out did not show attachment difficulties as the others did. Warmth between divorced families is a very important aspect for the parents to remember for the sake of the well-being of their child. From this source I learned how essential it is for parents to cooperate and get along after a divorce for the sake of the children.

Emery, Robert E. "Renegotiating Family Relationships: Divorce, Child Custody, and Mediation." The Guilford Press. 1996. http://books.google.com/books?ie=UTF-8&hl=en&id=PbeB2gQoYn8C&pg=PR4&printsec=3&lpg=PR4&sig=0CJU3FCO-iJ8X1zJPJKTGu_KCIw>.

Custody battles are one of the most common causes...
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