Dong Eon Kim
What Are the Cause and Effects of European Imperialism in Africa?
McDougal. "The Age of Imperialism, 1850-1914." The Age of Imperialism, 1850-1914. N.p., 1999. Web. 28 Mar. 2013.
There are a lot of reasons that divide Africa into different pieces. However, the key factor was Imperialist. European nations just had a small portion of areas along the coast in the early 1800s. European nation wanted more colony that had natural resources and free slaves they needed for their industrial economies. Another main reason of imperialism was the Racism. European thought they were better than the Africans. According to these reasons, Europe started to colonize lands in Africa. Steam engines, railroads, and telegraphs made them able to penetrate deep into Africa. Finally, discovery of quinine gave doctors a weapon against malaria, which stuck Europeans. The Europeans began to build plantations where they grew palm oil, peanuts and rubber. South Africa had gold and diamond. "All Things Global History." All Things Global History RSS. N.p., Dec.-Jan. 2011. Web. 28 Mar. 2013. European imperialism in Africa has a lasting legacy in the modern world. African countries have seen that their GDP per capita had decreased since independence from the colony. They now still dealing with the legacy of imperialism. Between independence starting in 1957 through 1990, only six out of 150 African heads of state gave up their power voluntarily.
"Effects of Imperialism." Effects of Imperialism. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Mar. 2013. Imperialism is when a strong nation colonize the smaller nation for their political, industrial and economic reasons. A positive effect of imperialism is seen in document one called “Modern progressive Nations.” The nation which colonizes the small nation built them roads, canals and railways. They have a technological advance. The mother country showed them the telegraph, newspaper, established schools for them....