Annotated Bibliography

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Annotated Bibliography
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Annotated Bibliography
Qualitative Study
Williams, M. (2007).Cutting Edge Neurosurgery. Journal of Perioperative, 12(17), 577-582.

In this article, Williams investigates the importance of radiological modalities incorporated into surgery making it minimally invasive for patients. Williams found out that the evolution and use of CT and MRI images has become the best tool for surgeons to locate pathology and injuries with less invasive procedure. Williams utilizes imaging tests such as MRI and CT scans and says that a physical exam and a thorough history are critical because they help pinpoint what is troubling the patient and can also narrow down the differential diagnosis.

Williams refers his patients to a physical therapy and pain management program prior to considering surgery. “An exception to this treatment paradigm,” says Williams “are patients that present with an acute loss of motor function, also known as an acute neurological deficit. These patients often require immediate surgical intervention to prevent further loss of motor function.” Only if nonsurgical therapies are ineffective may the patient be a surgical candidate. Williams’s article emphasized how crucial imaging and radiology has contributed in changing the treatment of some neurosurgical conditions, making it easy for both patients and the surgeons to cope with procedure and performing the procedure respectively.

Quantitative Study
Xu, D et al(2010).2D/3D Registration for X-ray Guided Bronchoscopy using Distance Map Classification.32nd Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC).Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, 54(32), 17-23.

X-ray guided exams have been experienced some set back in radiological application making it difficult for doctors to request for X-rays to help diagnose patients. In this research, Xu recommended the use and benefit of using 2D X-ray fluoroscopy to guide in identifying...
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